American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: Editor-in-chief: Dr. Mohammad Arif Kamal
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2019, 7(4), 167-171
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-7-4-3
Open AccessArticle

Integration of Lean and Agile Principles into Innovation Management

Begüm Sertyeşilışık1, and Ecem Tezel1

1Department of Architecture, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

Pub. Date: August 08, 2019

Cite this paper:
Begüm Sertyeşilışık and Ecem Tezel. Integration of Lean and Agile Principles into Innovation Management. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2019; 7(4):167-171. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-7-4-3


Innovation, is located in the center of construction management literature for decades and accepted as an important determinant of competitiveness. Agility and leanness, on the other hand, are two indisputable courses of competitiveness in construction. Today, in order to sustain an advantageous position in the global market, construction companies should focus on adopting innovative approaches together with lean and agile principles. This study aims to gather all these concepts into same ground and improve construction industry’s innovation capabilities through integrating lean and agile principles. With this aim, twofold research was conducted with interdisciplinary and international and professionals. In the first part, participants’ innovation and innovation barrier perceptions were determined through a questionnaire survey. Then, in the second part, by taking the survey results into consideration, the ways to integrate lean and agile principles into innovation process were discussed. Findings of this study is expected to contribute to construction management practice and literature by developing a roadmap for diffusion of lean and agile concepts into innovation field.

innovation capacity innovation process lean agile integration construction industry

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Horta, I.M. and Camanho, A.S, “Competitive positioning and performance assessment in the construction industry”, Expert systems with applications,41 (4), 974-983, March 2014.
[2]  Flanagan, R., Lu, W., Shen, L. and Jewell, C, “Competitiveness in construction: A critical review of research”, Construction management and economics, 25 (9), 989-1000, September 2007.
[3]  Sambamurthy, V., Wei, K.-K., Lim. K. and Lee, D, “IT-enabled organizational agility and firms’ sustainable competitive advantage”, in International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), December 2007.
[4]  Aouad, G., Ozorhon, B. and Abbott, C, “Facilitating innovation in construction: Directions and implications for research and policy”, Construction innovation, 10 (4), 374-394, 2010.
[5]  Felipe, C.M., Roldan, J.L. and Leal-Rodriguez, A.L, “An explanatory and predictive model for organizational agility”, Journal of business research, 69 (10), 4624-4631, October 2016.
[6]  Arbos, L.C, “Design of a rapid response and high efficiency service by lean production principles: Methodology and evaluation of variability of performance”, International journal of production economics, 80 (2), 169-183, November 2002.
[7]  Sertyesilisik, B, Lean and agile construction project management: As a way of reducing environmental footprint of the construction industry, In X. Hu and X. Wang (eds.), Optimization and Control Methods in Industrial Engineering and Construction, Springer, Dordrecht, 2014, 179-196.
[8]  Benmansour, C. and Hogg, K, “An investigation into the barriers to innovation and their relevance within the construction sector”, in 18th Annual ARCOM Conference, 677-686, September 2002.
[9]  Harty, C, “Implementing innovation in construction: Contexts, relative boundedness and actor-network theory”, Construction management and economics, 26 (10), 1029-1041, June 2008.
[10]  Winch, G.M, “How innovative is construction: Comparing aggregated data on construction innovation and other sectors-A case of apples and pears”, Construction management and economics, 21 (6), 651-654, May 2003.
[11]  Rogers, E.M, Diffusion of innovation (4th ed.), The Free Press, New York, 1995.
[12]  Fischer, M.M, The innovation process and network activities of manufacturing firms. In M.M. Fischer, L. Suarez-Villa and M. Steiner (eds.), Innovation, Networks and Localities, Springer, Berlin, 1999, 11-27.
[13]  Winby, S. and Worley, C.G, “Management process for agility, speed and innovation”, Organizational dynamics, 43 (3), 225-234, 2014.
[14]  Rothwell, R, “Towards the fifth-generation innovation process”, International marketing review, 11 (1), 7-31, 1994.
[15]  du Preez, N.D. and Louw, L, “A framework for managing the innovation process”, in Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering & Technology (PICMET), 546-558, July 2008.
[16]  Szeto, E, “Innovation capacity: Working towards a mechanism for improving innovation within an inter-organizational network”, The tqm magazine, 12 (2), 149-158, 2000.
[17]  Miles, R.E., Miles, G. and Snow, C.C, “Collaborative entrepreneurship: A business model for continuous innovation”, Organizational dynamics, 35 (1), 1-11, 2006.
[18]  Ravinchandran, T, “Exploring the relationships between IT competence, innovation capacity and organizational agility”, Journal of strategic information systems, 27 (1), 22-42, 2018.
[19]  Timeus, K. and Gasco, M, “Increasing innovation capacity in city governments: Do innovation labs make a difference”, Journal of urban affairs, 1-17, 2018.
[20]  Naylor, J.B., Naim, M.M. and Berry, D, “Leagility: Integrating the lean and agile manufacturing paradigms in the total supply chain”, International journal of production economics, 62 (1-2), 107-118, 1999.
[21]  Lee, H, “The triple – A supply chain”, Harward business review, 82 (10), 102-112, 2004.
[22]  Erickson, J., Lyytinen, K. and Siau, K, “Agile modeling, agile software development and extreme programming: The state of research,” Journal of database management, 16 (4), 88-100, 2005.
[23]  Beck, K., Beddle, M., van Bennekum, A., Cockburn, A., Cunningham, W., Fowler, M. … and Thomas, D, “Manifesto for agile software development”, 2001. [Online]. Available: [Accessed Sep. 27, 2018].
[24]  Owen, R.L. and Koskela, L, “Agile construction project management”, in 6th International Postgraduate Research Conference in the Built and Human Environment, April 2006.
[25]  Howell, G.A, “What is lean construction”, in 7th Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, 1-10, July 1999.
[26]  Simons, D. and Mason, R, “Lean and green: Doing more with less”, International commerce review: ecr journal, 3 (1), 84-91, 2003.
[27]  Howell, G.A. and Koskela, L, “Reforming project management: The role of lean construction”, in 8th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, July 2000.
[28]  Hines, P, Lean and green. Source Magazine the Home of Lean Thinking (3rd ed.), Sapartners, 2009.
[29]  Savery, C.A, Innovators or laggards: Surveying diffusion of innovations by public relations practitioners (master’s thesis), University of Akron, Akron, 2005.