American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: Editor-in-chief: Mohammad Arif Kamal
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American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2019, 7(3), 135-140
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-7-3-3
Open AccessReview Article

Architecture and Gross National Happiness in Bhutan


1Civil Engineering and Architecture Department, College of Science and Technology, Phuentsholing, Bhutan

Pub. Date: May 08, 2019

Cite this paper:
Chimi. Architecture and Gross National Happiness in Bhutan. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2019; 7(3):135-140. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-7-3-3


Happiness is a state of emotion which every individual aspires to be, however, it is not an end result as it itself is based on the cause and condition. Gross National Happiness (GNH) is the Bhutan’s middle way development philosophy that quantify citizens’ state of wellbeing that leads to the individual and communal Happiness. Like other physical features, architecture too plays an equivalent role in its capacity imparting a sense of happiness to an individual or society. Architecture being considered as the profession that support any development process which ultimately leads to the summit of peoples’ comfort and happiness. Therefore this paper explains the four pillars and domains of GNH and how architecture contributes the society in fulfilling the vision of GNH Philosophy. It outlines how architecture justifies itself to the pillars and domains by inferring various report and research papers.

gross national happiness architecture sustainability bhutan

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