American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcea Editor-in-chief: Mohammad Arif Kamal
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2019, 7(3), 121-127
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-7-3-1
Open AccessArticle

Investigation on the Suitability of Waste Plastic Bottle as Partial Replacement of Sand in a Cement Tile Production

Elshaday Haile1, , Emer Tucay Quezon2, and Getachew Kebede3

1Department of Construction Engineering & Management Institute of Technology, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

2Department of Construction Engineering & Management, Institute of Technology, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia

3Jimma Institute of Technology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

Pub. Date: May 01, 2019

Cite this paper:
Elshaday Haile, Emer Tucay Quezon and Getachew Kebede. Investigation on the Suitability of Waste Plastic Bottle as Partial Replacement of Sand in a Cement Tile Production. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2019; 7(3):121-127. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-7-3-1

Abstract

The rapid growth of the world's construction industry is profoundly affecting the cost of construction materials, as well as the natural resources required to produce the materials and environment. Besides, waste plastic bottles are also becoming other challenges in our surroundings due to its presence in the large amount and its non-biodegradability property. Even if various methods were attempted to manage this waste, applying it as the partial replacement for different construction materials seems feasible concerning solving the above-stated problems. The objective of this research was to investigate the competency of waste plastic bottles as partial replacement of sand in a cement tile production through conducting workability, dry density, water absorption and compressive strength test on it at the particular 7th and 21st days of curing. Experimental laboratory method used in this research design for testing some physical and mechanical properties of cement tiles. Other than this comparative method was also applied to compare different properties of controlled cement tile with cement tile made with just 3%-33% ground waste plastic bottle as sand at 3% incremental ratio and also cement tile produced by sodium hypochlorite treated plastic sand. The result showed an increment on the workability of the fresh concrete of the cement tile, decrement on the compressive strength, reduction in dry density and declined water absorption result. Finally, the study concluded the possibility of partial plastic replacement of sand in a cement tile production up to 32.11% replacement ratio for 21st day curing ages and even if the replacement above 32.11% had an adverse effect on the compressive strength and workability of cement tile, it also got an advantage with respect to dry density and water absorption. Also, the study revealed the power of sodium hypochlorite solution about improving the high physical and mechanical properties of cement tile. It recommended for the responsible parties to apply this technology in the real production process of cement tile.

Keywords:
cement tile workability water absorption waste plastic bottle plastic aggregate and sodium hypochlorite solution.

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Foti, N. (2012). Preliminary analysis of concrete reinforced with waste bottles of PET fibers. Construction and Building Materials, ELSEVIER,1906-1915, 24-25.
 
[2]  Lomite, K. (2009). Impact of Construction Material on Environment. 1-2.
 
[3]  Parvesh, G. K. (2015). Effect of Recycled Plastic Aggregates on Concrete. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR).
 
[4]  Frigione, M. (2010). Recycling of PET bottles as fine aggregate in concrete. Waste manage, 1101-1106.
 
[5]  Harini, B. V. (2015). Use of Recycled Plastic Waste as Partial Replacement for Fine Aggregate in Concrete. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering, and Technology, 8596.
 
[6]  Praveen, S. V. (2013). Recycled Plastic as Coarse Aggregate for Structural Concrete. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering, and Technology.
 
[7]  Saikia, J. d. (2013). Recycled aggregate concrete. Springer-Verlag, 23-80.
 
[8]  Vikram, A. G. (2015). Green Concrete using Plastic Waste. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), 214-216.
 
[9]  Soman, D. S. (2014). Strength properties of concrete with partial replacement of sand by bottom ash. International Journal of Innovative Research in Advanced Engineering (IJIRAE), 2349-2163.
 
[10]  Ohijeagbon, H. D. (2012). Impact of Suitable Replacement of Granite-Particles on Interlocking Tiles. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review, 51-56.
 
[11]  Newill, D. and Kassaye Aklilu, The location and engineering properties of volcanic cinder gravels in Ethiopia, 7th Regional Conference for Africa on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Accra, Ghana, 1-7 June 1980.
 
[12]  Steven Kosmatka H., Beatrix Kerkhoff, and William Panarese C. Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures, 14th edition, 2003. Pp. 149-160.
 
[13]  Duggal s, k. (2000). Building material, third edition. In I. standard, a specification for coarse and fine aggregate from the natural source for concrete (pp. 383-1970). New age international publisher.
 
[14]  Naik, T. S. (1996). Use of post-consumer waste plastics in cement-based composites. Cement and concrete resource, 1489-1492.
 
[15]  J.K.cement. (2011, April). Google. Retrieved May 18, 2017, from www.JK.cement.com: http://www.JKcement.com.