American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research
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American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research. 2022, 8(1), 49-52
DOI: 10.12691/ajcdr-8-1-5
Open AccessArticle

Echocardiographic Epicardial Fat Thickness among Metabolic Syndrome Patients with Its Determinants

K. A. M. Mahbub Hasan1, , M. Atahar Ali2, Nupur Kar3, Pradip Kumar Karmakar3, Md. Abdullah Yusuf4 and Naheed Fatema5

1Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Sher-E-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2Department of Cardiology, Evercare Hospital Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh

3Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh

4Department of Microbiology, National Institute of Neurosciences & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bangladesh Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: August 31, 2022

Cite this paper:
K. A. M. Mahbub Hasan, M. Atahar Ali, Nupur Kar, Pradip Kumar Karmakar, Md. Abdullah Yusuf and Naheed Fatema. Echocardiographic Epicardial Fat Thickness among Metabolic Syndrome Patients with Its Determinants. American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research. 2022; 8(1):49-52. doi: 10.12691/ajcdr-8-1-5

Abstract

Background: Echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness may be associated with metabolic syndrome. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to see the association of epicardial fat thickness with metabolic syndrome. Methodology: This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Cardiology at National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh from April 2017 to March 2018 for a period of one year. Depending on the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MetS), patients were divided into two groups, group I patients with MetS and group II patients without MetS. The epicardial fat thickness of group I and group II were prospectively examined by echocardiography. Then the comparison of the epicardial fat thickness was done between the two groups. Result: A total of 130 patients were included in this study of which 65 patients were assigned in group I and the rest of 65 patients were assigned in group II. The mean age of group I and group II patients were 44.4±9.8 years and 43.7±10.2 years (p = 0.77). The mean epicardial fat thickness (mm) was found significantly higher in patients with metabolic syndrome than in patients without metabolic syndrome which was 5.7 ± 0.83 mm and 2.7 ± 0.86 mm (p=0.001). The analysis had revealed that BMI, LDL, HDL, FBS, WC, age and diagnosis of metabolic syndrome were the independent determinants of increased epicardial fat thickness (p<0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion metabolic syndrome is associated with increased echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness.

Keywords:
association echocardiography epicardial fat thickness metabolic syndrome lipid profiles

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