American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research
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American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research. 2022, 8(1), 1-28
DOI: 10.12691/ajcdr-8-1-1
Open AccessReview Article

Shifting Paradigm from Conventional 2D to 3D-Delayed Gadolinium Enhancement Whole Heart MRI: Implications, Technical Aspects, Applications & Planning

Bourne S.1, , Rivard A.1, Schieman K.1 and Sherif A.1

1Imaging Institute, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Pub. Date: February 23, 2022

Cite this paper:
Bourne S., Rivard A., Schieman K. and Sherif A.. Shifting Paradigm from Conventional 2D to 3D-Delayed Gadolinium Enhancement Whole Heart MRI: Implications, Technical Aspects, Applications & Planning. American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research. 2022; 8(1):1-28. doi: 10.12691/ajcdr-8-1-1

Abstract

Three dimensional (3D) delayed gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, includes advantages such as: high resolution entire heart coverage without slice–misregistration, shorter or no breath-holds, multi-planes post reconstruction and higher signal to noise ratio (SNR). These are among some of the reasons why it has gained significant popularity within the daily clinical practice; however, parallel imaging, inefficiencies in navigator echoes and prolonged scan times are some of the challenges affecting overall quality of 3D cardiac imaging [1].

Keywords:
standard 2D-DGE cardiac and respiratory motion correction 3D-DGE protocol optimization

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