American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research
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American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research. 2013, 1(1), 25-29
DOI: 10.12691/ajcdr-1-1-6
Open AccessArticle

Relation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors with Coronary Angiographic Findings in Iraqi Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease

Ameen Mosa Mohammad1, 2, , Sabri Khalif Sheikho1, 2 and Jasim Mohammed Tayib3, 4

1Department of Medicine, Duhok College of Medicine, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

2Cardiologist and fellow in Interventional Cardiology, Azadi Heart Center, Azadi Teaching Hospital, Duhok Governorate, Iraq

3Department of Medicine, Mosul College of Medicine, Iraq

4Cardiologist, Ibn-Sina Teaching Hospital, Mosul Governorate, Iraq

Pub. Date: December 08, 2013

Cite this paper:
Ameen Mosa Mohammad, Sabri Khalif Sheikho and Jasim Mohammed Tayib. Relation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors with Coronary Angiographic Findings in Iraqi Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease. American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research. 2013; 1(1):25-29. doi: 10.12691/ajcdr-1-1-6

Abstract

Background: Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease is a major cause of death all over the world. Among patients with coronary artery disease, there are different cardiovascular risk factors which may exhibit their effects on coronary angiographic findings. This work aimed to study the relation of different cardiovascular risk factors with coronary angiographic findings in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). Methods: This case-series prospective study involved 220 patients with IHD who underwent coronary angiography in Mosul Cardiac Catheterization Unit in Ibn-Sina Teaching Hospital over a period of five months from April 1st through August 31st 2006. Patients with different coronary risk factors including smoking, positive family history of IHD, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hypertension (HT), dyslipidemia, obesity and physical inactivity who presented with IHD were categorized and compared according to presentations into; ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) ( n = 72), Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and/or unstable angina (n = 98) and chronic stable angina (n = 50) and then the patients were re-grouped according to the number of cardiovascular risk factors into patients with < 3 risk factors (n = 125) vs. those with > 3 risk factors (n = 95). Results: There were significant associations between the risk factors and the angiographic characteristics in patients with IHD. There were more significantly stenosed lesions among patients with > 3 risk factors compared to patients with < 3 risk factors (p < 0.05). Lesions were more diffused (p < 0.01), with higher incidence of left ventricular dysfunction (p < 0.001) among former patients compared to later ones. Conclusions: Significant findings were observed in the angiographic profile of patients with multiple risk factors. There were more multi-vessels and diffused angiographic findings among patients with chronic stable angina.

Keywords:
risk factor ischemic heart disease coronary angiography

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