American Journal of Biomedical Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-3947 ISSN (Online): 2328-3955 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajbr Editor-in-chief: Hari K. Koul
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American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2018, 6(1), 1-10
DOI: 10.12691/ajbr-6-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Qualitative and Quantitative Phytochemical Analyses of Sclerocarya birrea and Sterculia setigera in Kem and Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria

Louis H.1, 2, , Akakuru O.U.2, 3, , Linus M.N.4, Innocent J.4 and Amos P.I.4

1CAS Key Laboratory for Nanosystem and Hierarchical Fabrication, CAS Centre For Excellence in Nanoscience, National Centre for Nanoscience and Technology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

2Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, University of Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

3Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zhejiang, China

4Department of Chemistry, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: February 01, 2018

Cite this paper:
Louis H., Akakuru O.U., Linus M.N., Innocent J. and Amos P.I.. Qualitative and Quantitative Phytochemical Analyses of Sclerocarya birrea and Sterculia setigera in Kem and Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2018; 6(1):1-10. doi: 10.12691/ajbr-6-1-1

Abstract

The stem, roots and leaves of the plants Sclerocarya birrea and Steculia setigera collected from Kem and Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria, were analyzed for the presence and amounts of different phytochemicals. The qualitative phytochemical analysis showed that alkaloid, tannin, phenol and flavonoids were present in the extracts of the stems, roots and leaves of both plants. Glycoside was only absent in the leaves of Sclerocarya birrea while saponin was absent in the root of Sclerocarya birrea and the leaves and stems of Steculia setigera. The comparative quantitative analysis carried out using UV-visible spectroscopy, showed that the plants are rich in phytochemicals and tannins, flavonoids and saponins (1.92¡À0.05, 50.33¡À0.03 and 2.77¡À0.010 mg/dl respectively) were found to be higher in Kem than those in Yola (1.73¡À0.09, 22.14¡À0.08, and 1.78¡À0.08 mg/dl respectively). Alkaloids, phenols and glycosides from Kem (3.47¡À0.01, 19.94¡À0.05, 0.54¡À0.03 mg/dl respectively) were lower compared to those from Yola (3.95¡À0.00, 22.19¡À0.06 and 0.85¡À0.06 mg/dl respectively). The phytochemical composition of the stem, roots and leaves of the plants indicate their medicinal properties.

Keywords:
phytochemical tannin alkaloid flavonoid Sclerocarya birrea Steculia setigera

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