American Journal of Biomedical Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-3947 ISSN (Online): 2328-3955 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajbr Editor-in-chief: Hari K. Koul
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2014, 2(2), 16-18
DOI: 10.12691/ajbr-2-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence of Hymenolepis nana in Indigenous Tapirapé Ethnic Group from the Brazilian Amazon

Antonio F. Malheiros1, 2, , Patrick D. Mathews3, Larissa M. Scalon Lemos4, Guilherme B. Braga5 and Jeffrey J. Shaw2

1Department of Biological Science, University of State of Mato Grosso, Cáceres, Mato Grosso, Brazil

2Department of Parasitology, Institute of Biomedical Science, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

3Department of Parasitology, Institute of Animal Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil

4Department of Nursing, University of State of Mato Grosso, Cáceres, Mato Grosso, Brazil

5Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Pub. Date: April 07, 2014

Cite this paper:
Antonio F. Malheiros, Patrick D. Mathews, Larissa M. Scalon Lemos, Guilherme B. Braga and Jeffrey J. Shaw. Prevalence of Hymenolepis nana in Indigenous Tapirapé Ethnic Group from the Brazilian Amazon. American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2014; 2(2):16-18. doi: 10.12691/ajbr-2-2-1

Abstract

A total of 1528 stool samples were examined during a survey of intestinal parasites in 542 members of the Tapirapé ethnic group (279 females and 263 males), who live in the Brazilian Amazon region of Mato Grosso. Overall, 542 individuals from six indigenous villages were enrolled of whom 45 (8.3%) were positive for Hymenolepis nana based on analysis by microscopy of fecal concentrates. H. nana was more prevalent in male individuals (77.8%) as compared to females (22.2%). Moreover, males aged under 15 years have been associated with positivity for H. nana (P = 0.02). This study is the first report of the prevalence of H. nana in members of the indigenous Tapirapé ethnic group from the Brazilian Amazon.

Keywords:
hymenolepis nana prevalence indigenous brazilian amazon

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 1

References:

[1]  Mirdha B.R., Samantray J.C., Hymenolepis nana: A common cause of pediatric diarrhoea in urban slum dwellers in India, J. Tropi. Pediatr., 2002, 48: 330-334.
 
[2]  WHO., Intestinal protozoan and helminthic infections. Report of a WHO Scientific Group. WHO TRS., 1981, 666: 86.
 
[3]  Tasawar Z., Gul S., Muhammad A.B., Arif M., Prevalence of Hymenolepis nana in human beings in and around Multan- Pakistan, Pak. J. Life Soc. Sci., 2004, 2: 62-64.
 
[4]  Chero J.C., Saito M., Bustos J.A., Blanco E.M., Gonzalvez G., Garcia H.H., Hymenolepis nana infection: symptoms and response to nitazoxanide in field conditions, Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg., 2007, 101: 203-205.
 
[5]  Sadaf H.S., Khan S.S., Kanwal N., Tasawer B.M., Ajmal S.M., A review on diarrhoea causing Hymenolepis nana dwarf tapeworm, I. R. J. P., 2013, 4: 32-35.
 
[6]  Faust E.C., Sawitz W., Tobie J., Odom V., Peres C., Lincicome D.R., Comparative efficiency of various technics for the diagnosis of protozoa and helminths in feces, J. Parasitol., 1939, 25: 241-262.
 
[7]  Utzinger J., Botero-Kleiven S., Castelli F., Chiodini P.L., Edwards H., Köhler N., Gulletta M., Lebbad M., Manser M., Matthys B., N’Goran E.K., Tannich E., Vounatsou P., Marti H., Microscopic diagnosis of sodium acetate-acetic acid-formalin fixed stool samples for helminths and intestinal protozoa: a comparison among European reference laboratories, Clin. Microbiol. Infect., 2010, 16: 267-273.
 
[8]  Malheiros A.F., Stensvold R.C., Graham C.C., Braga G.B., Shaw J.J., Molecular characterization of Blastocystis obtained from members of the Indigenous Tapirapé ethnic group from the Brazilian Amazon region, Brazil, J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 2011, 85: 1050-1053.
 
[9]  Brasil., Ministério da Saúde. Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde. Avaliação de impacto na saúde das ações de saneamento: marco conceitual e estratégia metodológica. Brasília, Ministério da Saúde., 2004, 10: 83-96.
 
[10]  Palhano-Silva C.S., Araújo A.J.G., Lourenço A.E.P., Bastos O.M.P., Santos R.V., Coimbra C.E.A., Intestinal parasitic infection in the Suruí indians, Brazilian Amazon, Interciencia., 2009, 34: 259-264.
 
[11]  Assis E.M., Olivieria R.C., Moreira L. E., Pena J.L., Rodrigues L.C., Machado-Coelho G.L.L., Prevalence of intestinal parasites in the Maxakali indigenous community in Minas Gerais, Brazil, 2009, Cad. Saúde Pública., 2013, 29: 681-690.
 
[12]  Ferrari J.O., Ferreira M.U., Camargo L.M.A., Ferreira C.S., Intestinal parasites among Karitiana Indians from Rondônia State, Brazil, Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo., 1992, 34: 223-225.
 
[13]  Toledo M.J.O., Paludetto A.W., Moura F.T., Nascimento E.S., Chaves M., Araujo S.M., Mota L.T., Evaluation of enteroparasite control activities in a Kaigàng community of Southern Brazil, Rev. Saúde. Publ., 2009, 34: 981-990.
 
[14]  Escobar-Pardo M.L., De Godoy A.P., Machado R.S., Rodriguez D., Fagundes N.U., Kawakami E., Prevalence of intestinal parasitoses in children at the Xingu Indian Reservation, J. Pediatr., 2010, 86: 493-496.
 
[15]  Menghi C.I., Iuvaro F.R., Dellacasa M.A., Gatta C.L., Survey of intestinal parasites among an aboriginal community in Salta, Medicina., 2007, 67: 705-708.
 
[16]  Díaz A.I., Rivero R.Z., Bracho M.A., Castellanos S.M., Acurero E., Calchi L.M., Atencio T.R., Prevalence of intestinal parasites in children of Yukpa ethnia in Toromo, Zulia State, Venezuela, Rev Méd Chile., 2006, 134: 72-78.
 
[17]  Al-Shammari S.K.T., El-Khwasky F.G.A., Intestinal parasitic diseases in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: prevalence, socio demographic and environmental associates, Trop. Med. Int. Health., 2001, 6: 184-189.
 
[18]  Mason P.R., Patterson B.A., Epidemiology of Hymenolepis nana infections in primary school children in urban and rural communities in Zimbabwe, J. Parasitol., 1994, 80: 245-250.
 
[19]  Huda-Taher A.L.M., Prevalence of Hymenolepis nana Infections in Abu-Ghraib City /Baghdad/Iraq, Iraqi Postgrad. Med. J., 2012, 11: 581-584.
 
[20]  Washburn T.C., Medaris D.N., Childs B., Sex differences in susceptibility of infections, Pediatrics., 1965, 35: 57-64.
 
[21]  Daniels C.W., Belosevic M., Serum antibody responses by male and female C57B 6 mice infected with Guard moors, Clin. Exp. Immunol., 1994, 97: 424-429.
 
[22]  Matsuzawa K., Abe M., Shirakura T., Zhao W.H., Nakamura F., Spontaneous worm expulsion and intestinal IgA response in mice infected by Vampirolepis nana, Parasitol. Int., 2008, 57: 512–514.