American Journal of Biomedical Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-3947 ISSN (Online): 2328-3955 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajbr Editor-in-chief: Hari K. Koul
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American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2019, 7(2), 32-37
DOI: 10.12691/ajbr-7-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Biochemical and Molecular Genetic Characterization of G6PD Deficiency in Newborn, Benin

AKPOVI D. Casimir1, , FIOGBE E.M. Salomon1, Julien G.A. SEGBO1, Paulin SEDAH2, Fifamè E.E. KOUGNIMON1, Gratien G. SAGBO3 and Clément AGBANGLA2

1Research Unit of Non Communicable Diseases and Cancer, Research Laboratory in Applied Biology, “Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi”, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin

2Laboratory of Molecular Genetics and Genome Analyzes, Faculty of Sciences and Technics, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin

3Medical Genetics and Neonatology, “Centre National Hospitalier et Universitaire H.K. Maga”, Cotonou, Benin

Pub. Date: December 15, 2019

Cite this paper:
AKPOVI D. Casimir, FIOGBE E.M. Salomon, Julien G.A. SEGBO, Paulin SEDAH, Fifamè E.E. KOUGNIMON, Gratien G. SAGBO and Clément AGBANGLA. Biochemical and Molecular Genetic Characterization of G6PD Deficiency in Newborn, Benin. American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2019; 7(2):32-37. doi: 10.12691/ajbr-7-2-2

Abstract

Background: In Benin, the diagnosis of G6PD deficiency is based on the biochemical test performed by the quantitative spectrophotometry assay of the enzymatic activity. We used the results of the molecular gene test to verify the reliability of the biochemical diagnostic test. The distribution of genes polymorphism associated with the G6PD deficiency in neonates is also determined throughout the country. Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study carried on with 178 neonates aged ≤7 days. Blood samples were screened for quantitative G6PD enzymatic activity using Cypress Diagnostics kit (Cypress Diagnostics, Belgium). G6PD genotype analysis was performed using specific primers for PCR amplification of G6PD gene containing the common African mutations A376G, G202A, A542T, and T968C. We used Chi-2 test to compare the means of qualitative data and Student’s t-test to ascertain difference between group’s characteristics. A p-value of <0.05 was deemed significant. Results: The mean value of normal G6PD activity was 16.25 U/g Hb. Enzyme activity was significantly lower in female newborns of genotype A-(376/202) /A-(376/202) (p<0.01) and in males genotype A-(376/202) (p<0.001). The probability of being deficient when the test of enzymatic activity is positive among the true deficit (Se) was 0.42. The probability of being non-deficient when the test is negative among the non-deficient (Sp) was 0.89, that of being deficient when the test is positive (PPV) was 0.52 and the probability of being non-negative when the test is negative (VPN) was 0.85. Genotypes B/B, A/B, A/A, A-(376/202)/B, A-(376/202)/A, A-(376/202)/A-(376/202) were identified in female newborns with respective proportion of 39.56%, 13.19%, 7.69%, 24.18%, 13.19% and 2.20%. In males, 64.37% were genotype B, 9.20% genotype A and 26.44% genotype A-(376/202). The northern departments had the highest frequencies of G6PD A-(376/202) (33.18% to 37.73%) while the lowest levels were seen in the south (25.58% to 28.62%). Conclusion: Enzymatic activity showed good diagnostic value in male subjects but not in heterozygous female. The highest frequency of G6PD A-(376/202) mutation was in the North Benin.

Keywords:
G6PD deficiency enzymatic activity DNA test neonate Benin

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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