American Journal of Applied Psychology
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American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2017, 5(1), 18-24
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-5-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Association between Psychological Wellbeing and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence in North-Central, Nigeria

Modupe Oladunni Taiwo1, and Funmi-Togonu Bickersteth1

1Department of Psychology Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Pub. Date: January 23, 2017

Cite this paper:
Modupe Oladunni Taiwo and Funmi-Togonu Bickersteth. Association between Psychological Wellbeing and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence in North-Central, Nigeria. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2017; 5(1):18-24. doi: 10.12691/ajap-5-1-4

Abstract

Psychological wellbeing of antiretroviral patients in Nigeria is under researched despite being a critical success factor in ART adherence. Using a sample of antiretroviral therapy patients (n=641) from six clinics in North central Nigeria in a cross sectional mixed method approach, we examined the domain of psychological wellbeing that is associated with ART adherence. ART adherence was 88%. Environmental mastery (84.4%), Autonomy (73.2%) and Self-acceptance (65.4%) were associated with higher ART adherence. Among sociodemographic characteristics, only states of residence (X2 = 26.0841, p<.05) was significant. Cognitive behavioural therapy by a skilled psychologist is crucial for empowering ART patients to maintain optimal ART adherence.

Keywords:
antiretroviral adherence HIV/AIDS north central Nigeria psychological wellbeing

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