American Journal of Applied Psychology
ISSN (Print): 2333-472X ISSN (Online): 2333-4738 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2013, 1(3), 44-48
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-1-3-3
Open AccessArticle

Imperatives of Emotional Intelligence On Psychological Wellbeing among Adolescents

John N. N. Ugoani1, and Meg. A. Ewuzie2

1Department of Management Sciences, Rhema University, Aba, Nigeria

2Department of Physical and Health Education, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Nigeria

Pub. Date: September 27, 2013

Cite this paper:
John N. N. Ugoani and Meg. A. Ewuzie. Imperatives of Emotional Intelligence On Psychological Wellbeing among Adolescents. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2013; 1(3):44-48. doi: 10.12691/ajap-1-3-3


Psychological wellbeing is a stochastic phenomenon that can be meaningfully pursued through nondestructive behaviors epitomized by emotional intelligence (EI). Abnormal and normal behaviours mark the two ends of a continuum, and a person who is unable to function effectively in day-to-day life may be regarded as psychologically abnormal and far from a state of psychological wellbeing. Recent research has shown that children are growing lonely and depressed, more angry and unruly, more nervous and prone to worry, more impulsive and aggressive. And also that decline in EI among adolescents manifests in problems such as despair, alienation, drug abuse, crime and violence, bulling and dropping out of school. The survey research design was used for the study and it was found through statistical analyses that emotional intelligence influences psychological wellbeing among adolescents. Five recommendations were made based on the findings of the study.

stochastic phenomenon continuum abnormal and normal behaviours emotional intelligence psychological wellbeing alexithymia adolescents

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Bar-On, R. The Development and Test of Psychological Wellbeing. Unpublished Manuscript. Tel Aviv. Reuven Bar-On. 1992.
[2]  Taylor, J. G, Parker, J. D. A, & Bagby, R. M, Emotional Intelligence and the emotional brain: Points of convergence and implication of psychoanalysis. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis. 1999, 27(3), 339-354.
[3]  Kleinman, A. Rethinking Psychiatry: From Cultural Category to Personal Experience. New York, Free Press. 1988.
[4]  Salovey, P, & Mayer, J. D, Emotional Intelligence. New York. Baywood Publishing Company Inc. 1990.
[5]  Selye, H, The Stress of Life. New York, McGraw-Hill. 1976.
[6]  History of Stress: Theoretical and Clinical Aspects 2nd Edition, New York, Free Press. 1993.
[7]  Lykken, D. T. & Tellegen, A., Happiness is a Stochastic phenomenon. Psychological Science, 1996, 7, 181-185.
[8]  Mroczek, D. K. & Kolarz, C. M. The effect of age on positive and negative affect: A Developmental Perspective on Happiness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1998, 54, 872-879.
[9]  Baumeister, R. E., Goethals, S. P. & Pittman, T. S. The Interface between Intrapsyic and Interpersonal Processes. Cognition, Emotion and Self as Adaptations to other People. Washington, D. C. American Psychological Association, 1998 pp. 201-242.
[10]  Rice, C. L., A Qualitative Study of Emotional Intelligence and its impact on team performance. Unpublished Master’s Thesis Pepperdine University, Malibu CA. 1999.
[11]  Feldman, R. S. Understanding Psychology. 6th Edition. New Delhi, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited. 2007.
[12]  Myers, D. G, Psychology 5th Edition. New York, Worth Publishers. 1998.
[13]  Lane, R. D. & Schwartz, G. E., Levels of Emotional Awareness: A Cognitive Developmental Theory and its Application to Psychopathology. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1987, 144, 133-143.
[14]  Bar-On, R. The Development of an Operational Concept of Psychological Wellbeing. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Rhodes University, South African. 1988.
[15]  Diener E. & Diener, C. Most People are Happy. Psychological Science, 1996, 7, 181-185.
[16]  Bar-On, R, The Bar-On Model of Emotional Social Intelligence (ESI) Psicothema, 2006, 18, Sulp, 13-25.
[17]  Goleman, D, Working With Emotional Intelligence. New York Bantam Book Publishing. 1998.
[18]  Mayer, J., Paper Presented at the Linkage Emotional Conference, London. 2000, May.
[19]  Rubin, M. M., Emotional Intelligence and its Role in Mitigating Aggression. A Correctional Study of the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and aggression in urban adolescents. Unpublished dissertation, Immaculata College, Pennsylvania. 1999.
[20]  Goleman, D. Emotional Intelligence. Why It Can Matter More than IQ, New York. Bantam Books Publishing. 1995.
[21]  Scheft, T. J., Being Mentally Ill. A Sociological Theory. 3rd Edition, N. Y. Aldine deGruyter. 1999.
[22]  Myers, D. G. The Funds, Friends, and Faith. Psychologist, 2000, 55, 56-57.
[23]  Brothers, L. A Biological Perspective on Empathy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1989, 146, 10-19.
[24]  Lazarus, R. S., Progress on a Cognitive – Motivational – Relational Theory of Emotion. American Psychologist. 1991, 46, 819-834.
[25]  Lewin, K., Resolving Social Conflicts. New York, Harper Collins. 1948.
[26]  Diener, E. Subjective Wellbeing: The Science of happiness and proposal for a National Index. American Psychologist, 2000, 55, 34-43.
[27]  Diener, E, Suh, E. M. Luces, R. E. & Smith, H. L. Subjective Wellbeing. Three Decades of Progress. Psychological Bulletin, 1999, 125, 276-302.
[28]  McClelland, D. C., How motives, skills and values determine what people do. American Psychologist, 1985, 40, 812-825.
[29]  Myers, D. G. & Diener, E. The Pursuit of Happiness: New Research Uncovers some Anti-intuitive Insights into How Many People are Happy and Why. Scientific American, 1996, pp. 70-72.
[30]  Dimatteo, M. R. Health Behaviours and Care Decisions: An Overview of Professional Patient. New York, Plenum Press. 1997.
[31]  Barlow, D. H. Clinical Handbook of Psychological Disorders: A Step-by-step Treatment Manual. New York. Guilford Press. 1985.
[32]  Ronald, L. Smons, Jay, Beaman, Rand, D, Conger, & Wei Chao, Stress, Support and Anti-Social Behaviour as Determinant of Emotional Wellbeing and parenting practices among single mothers. Journal of Marriage and Family 1993, 55: 385-398.
[33]  Swart, A. The Relationship between Wellbeing and Academic performance. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. University of Pretoria, South Africa. 1996.
[34]  Heylighen, F. “A cognitive systematic reconstruction of Maslow’s Theory of self-actualization” Behaviourial Science 37, p 1992, 39-58.
[35]  Veenhoven, R, “Is happiness relative?” Social Indicators Research 24, 1991, p 1-34.
[36]  “Development in satisfaction research; Social indicators research 37, 1995, p 1-46.
[37]  Advances in the understanding of happiness. Revne Quebecoise de psychologie, Vol. 18, pp 1997, 267-293.
[38]  Awake “How to help those with anxiety disorders” March, 2012, pp 25-27.
[39]  Canada Health, Population Health Approach 1996, pp 1-4.
[40]  World Health Organization, Prophylactic use of antichrolingergics in patients on long-term neuroleptic treatment. Br J Psychiatry, 1990, 156:412-414.
[41]  Bar-On, R. The Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i) Rationale, description, and summary of psychometric properties. Hauppauge, NY, Nova Science Publishers 2004, pp. 111-42.
[42]  Goleman, D. Emotional Intelligence. Why It Can matter More than IQ. 10th Anniversary Edition. New York, Bantam Book Publishing. 2006.
[43]  Bar-On, R. The Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i). Technical Manual, Toronto Canada. Multi Health Systems. 1997.