American Journal of Applied Psychology
ISSN (Print): 2333-472X ISSN (Online): 2333-4738 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajap Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014, 2(3), 73-81
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-2-3-4
Open AccessArticle

Assessing the Role of Community Care Coalition in Providing Psychosocial Support to HIV/AIDS Infected and Affected People

Binega Haileselassie1,

1Department of Psychology, College of Social Sciences and Languages, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia

Pub. Date: August 13, 2014

Cite this paper:
Binega Haileselassie. Assessing the Role of Community Care Coalition in Providing Psychosocial Support to HIV/AIDS Infected and Affected People. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014; 2(3):73-81. doi: 10.12691/ajap-2-3-4

Abstract

Communities have their own means of managing crisis during time of difficulties and local networks like community care coalition plays prominent role in addressing basic needs of members of the community and HIV/AIDS infected people. HIV/AIDS affects all dimensions of person’s life and providing psychosocial support can help the infected people and their families to cope up effectively with each stage of the infection. In light of this, the main objective of this study was to examine and evaluate the role of Community Care Coalitions (CCCs) in providing psychosocial supports to people infected with and affected by HIV/AIDS. The research design employed was both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Participants were selected using both probability and non probability sampling techniques. Survey questionnaires, FGD, and key informant interviews were used. The reliability of the survey questions was checked with Cronbach’s alpha and measures of equivalence item analysis methods in pilot testing. The content validity of the items was also checked by the inter judge raters. Data obtained from survey questionnaires was analyzed quantitatively using descriptive and inferential statistics. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically in line with key elements of care and support to PLWHA and vulnerable groups. The finding indicates psychosocial support for PLWHA and their families is found to be very essential. The role of such community based care and support networks also play paramount significance in addressing the need of these target groups. The provision of psychosocial support as one separate care and support package within CCCs, create significant difference between beneficiaries level of service satisfaction, relationship between service providers and receivers for the t- value is less than the P, 0.05 with 95% CI. Therefore, the researcher believed that the care and support to PLWHA should be comprehensive enough.

Keywords:
psychosocial community care coalition infected affected satisfaction

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Anne A., Benefits of mixed methods in environmental reporting research: Lincoln University, Commerce Building, 2010.
 
[2]  Anne D. S., “Mixed methods research”: A discussion paper: NCRM methods review papers, ESRC National Centre for Research Methods, 2010.
 
[3]  Binega Haileselassie & Molla Haftu. “Social, child protection and psychosocial Support”: Unpublished training manual, Mekelle University Mekelle, 2011.
 
[4]  Brhanu Weldie. The relationship and effects of prejudice, states of de-individuation and aggression with and on conflict among groups of fans of the big four of the English premier league: Unpublished thesis, Addis Ababa University, 2009.
 
[5]  Cannon, C., Handbook of HIV/AIDS and social work: Principles, practice, and populations; Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2010.
 
[6]  Escalada, M., & Heong, K.L., Guide line how to conduct focus group discussion: Guide line manual for novice researchers 2009.
 
[7]  Family Health International. “Monitoring and evaluating community home-based care programs’, Facilitators training guide, A USAID resource for prevention, care and treatment, 2004.
 
[8]  Germann, S., Ngoma, F., Wamimbi, R., Ann, C., & Gaudrault, M., “Mobilizing and strengthening community led childcare through community care groups and coalitions”, International NGO Journal, 4 (1), 001-006, 2009. Lusaka Zambia
 
[9]  Harris F., & Touray, K., “Situational analysis of people living with HIV/AIDS/AIDS and their support institutions in Gambia: United Nations Development Programme”, Banjul, The Gambia, for n.d.
 
[10]  Ilebani, & Fabusoro, “Effects of community-based care for people living with HIV/AIDS on their well-being in Benue State, Nigeria”, Research journal of medical sciences, 5, 294-304, 2011.
 
[11]  Kassaw Asmare, The need to strengthen the link between formal and informal community care givers for AIDS orphans: Unpublished thesis A.A.U. Addis Ababa, 2006.
 
[12]  Kennedy, C. E., Medley, A.M., Michael, D. S., & Kevin, R O’R., “The effects of HIV/AIDS positive prevention behavioral intervention in developing countries: A systematic review and meta analysis” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, United States of America, 2010.
 
[13]  Kija, M., “Home based care for people living with HIV/AIDS/AIDS”, Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Family Care Givers, Ukonga ward in Ilala District, 2011.
 
[14]  Lesyna, K., “A review of psychosocial support and the challenges faced in disclosing HIV/AIDS positive status to children in Kibera.” Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection Paper 965, 2010.
 
[15]  Mezegabu Zemene, Psychosocial problems of AIDS orphans: Unpublished thesis A.A.U. Addis Ababa, 2007.
 
[16]  Morgan, D., “Research tools, Participants determination for focus group discussion”, Qualitative Research. Sage, UK., 2009.
 
[17]  Mutombo, H., & Namuunda, J. (2007).Care and support services for people living in Zambia: Population Review, 46 (1), Published by population review publications.
 
[18]  Nadeem, M., & Juliet, G., “Operational challenges of community home based care (CHBC) for PLWHA in multi-country HIV/AIDS programs (MAP) for Sub-Saharan Africa”, AIDS Campaign Team for Africa (ACTafrica), 2005.
 
[19]  Nturibi, D., “Community empowerment in HIV/AIDS/AIDS prevention”, A Case Study of the Integrated Community Care and Support Project in Kenya, 2011.
 
[20]  Robert, K.V., & Daryle, M. W. (Version VI). “Determining sample size for research activities” University of Minnesota, Duluth & Texas A. & M. University, 1970.
 
[21]  Tuckett, A., “Rigor in qualitative research: complexities and solutions”, Nurse Researcher 13 (1) 29-42, 2005.
 
[22]  U.S. Department of Health and Human Services., “Successful strategies for recruiting, training, and utilizing volunteers”, A Guide for Faith-and Community-Based Service Providers: DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 05-4005, 2005.
 
[23]  United Nations International Children Emergency Fund, Psychosocial vulnerability and resilience measures for national-level monitoring of orphans and other vulnerable children: Recommendations for Revision of the UNICEF Psychological Indicator, 2008.
 
[24]  United Nations International Children Emergency Fund. Providing care and support for orphaned and vulnerable children: Working document, 2010.
 
[25]  United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund; Joint United Nations Programme. The frame work for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in the world with HIV/AIDS/AIDS: Synergy project, Washington D.C., 2004.