American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics
ISSN (Print): 2328-7306 ISSN (Online): 2328-7292 Website: Editor-in-chief: Mohamed Seddeek
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American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics. 2017, 5(5), 164-168
DOI: 10.12691/ajams-5-5-2
Open AccessArticle

Application of Factor Analysis on Academic Performance of Pupils

Okeke Evelyn Nkiruka1, , Okeke Joseph Uchenna1, Yawe Ayuba1, Anule Josaphat1 and Bello Abdulrasheed1

1Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal University Wukari, Nigeria

Pub. Date: December 07, 2017

Cite this paper:
Okeke Evelyn Nkiruka, Okeke Joseph Uchenna, Yawe Ayuba, Anule Josaphat and Bello Abdulrasheed. Application of Factor Analysis on Academic Performance of Pupils. American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics. 2017; 5(5):164-168. doi: 10.12691/ajams-5-5-2


Over the years, efforts have been made by researchers in studying the effects of certain factors on academic performance of students, though with little concentration on the primary section of education. This research therefore worked on the academic performance of pupils in primary school. Variation in the analyzed performance and the factor(s) causing the variations were studied using factor analysis. The data used is a secondary data, collected from Federal University Wukari Staff School and it’s on the terminal examination scores of the pupils in seven selected subjects over one selected academic session (2015/2016). From both the un-rotated and rotated factor analysis results, we observed a fair relationship between the mathematical and less mathematical subjects, though they present the major variation in the pupils’ performance to be in the less mathematical subjects like English Language, Verbal Aptitude, Social Studies, Creative Art, and Religious Studies. Also, the analysis presented three factors (gender, age, and environment) to be the cause of the variation between the pupils performance in primary school.

factor analysis factor loading academic performance quartimax equamax verimax orthomax rotation

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