Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2013, 1(6), 120-125
DOI: 10.12691/aees-1-6-4
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Residents Coping Measures in Flood Prone Areas of Makurdi Town, Benue State

Terwase Shabu1, and Terese Emmanuel Tyonum2

1Department of Geography, Benue State University, Makurdi

2Department of Estate Management, Terese Emmanuel Tyonum, Benue Polytechnic Ugbokolo

Pub. Date: November 24, 2013

Cite this paper:
Terwase Shabu and Terese Emmanuel Tyonum. Residents Coping Measures in Flood Prone Areas of Makurdi Town, Benue State. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2013; 1(6):120-125. doi: 10.12691/aees-1-6-4


The problem of flooding has come to stay and as a result, urban dwellers are devising ways in which they can cope with it. This study assesses the coping measures adopted by dwellers living in flood prone areas of Makurdi town. Data for this study were obtained from residents of the town living in flood prone areas. With the help of a well designed questionnaire, photographs and personal observation, information were gathered on socio-demographic status, causes and effect of flooding, and measures adopted by residents. A total of 338 respondents were sampled across the area. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study reveals that, the major cause of flooding in the area was heavy rainfall (33.7%), silting up of available drainage channels (20.3%), blocking of drainage with solid waste (16.7%) and building structures on water channels. The study also shows that, the major effect of flooding was loss of personal property (41.6%). Coping measures adopted include: frequent sand removal of blocked drainages (36.3%), creation of water channels (32.7%) and the use of sand banks (18.7%). Although, 56% of the respondents indicated that coping strategies adopted were not very effective. The study recommends a close working relationship between local people and agencies saddled with the responsibility of tackling the problem of flooding in the area.

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