Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2013, 1(5), 92-97
DOI: 10.12691/aees-1-5-4
Open AccessArticle

Phytoremediation of Heavy Metals from Industrial Effluent Using Constructed Wetland Technology

Dipu Sukumaran1,

1Central Pollution Control Board Zonal Office- Kolkata, Southend Conclave India, India

Pub. Date: October 15, 2013

Cite this paper:
Dipu Sukumaran. Phytoremediation of Heavy Metals from Industrial Effluent Using Constructed Wetland Technology. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2013; 1(5):92-97. doi: 10.12691/aees-1-5-4

Abstract

Phytoremediation is the natural ability of certain plants to bioaccumulate, degrade, or render harmless contaminants in soils, water, or air. In the present study, an attempt to have a comparative assessment of the efficiency of aquatic weeds like Typha latifolia, Eichhornia crassipes, Salvinia molesta and Pistia stratiotes to treat the effluents under laboratory conditions. The bio concentration factor (BCF) of lead, copper, arsenic and cadmium by the floating and emergent plant were studied. The effluent of rare earth separating industry had high concentration of copper, cadmium and arsenic. Eichhornia crassipes and Typha latifolia based constructed wetlands are the best options for treatment of the effluent. Lead from Titanium sponge industry effluent was removed prominently by Eichhornia crassipes than the emergent plant Typha latifolia. But other heavy metals like copper and cadmium was removed prominently by Typha latifolia.

Keywords:
bioconcentration factor constructed wetlands heavy metals macrophytes Phytoremediation

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