Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2016, 4(4), 102-107
DOI: 10.12691/aees-4-4-4
Open AccessArticle

Utilization Pattern, Population Density and Supply Chain of Rhododendron arboreum and Rhododendron campanulatum in the Dhauladhar Mountain Range of Himachal Pradesh, India

Natasha Sharma1 and Chandra Prakash Kala1,

1Ecosystem & Environment Management, Indian Institute of Forest Management, Nehru Nagar, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Pub. Date: December 06, 2016

Cite this paper:
Natasha Sharma and Chandra Prakash Kala. Utilization Pattern, Population Density and Supply Chain of Rhododendron arboreum and Rhododendron campanulatum in the Dhauladhar Mountain Range of Himachal Pradesh, India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2016; 4(4):102-107. doi: 10.12691/aees-4-4-4

Abstract

Among various natural forest products rhododendrons in the Himalayan region are regarded as one of the most important products in terms of consumption and high exchange values. Himachal Pradesh in India endows with many species of rhododendron, of which Rhododendron arboreum (Brash phool) and Rhododendron campanulatum (Kashmiri Patta) are studied in the Kangra district, which falls in Dhauladhar mountain range of the Indian Himalaya. The utilisation of R. arboreum flower as medicine, food supplements and cultural purpose is designated through Use Value Index (UVI). R. campanulatum is primarily used by temporary settlers for fuel wood or for making sheds to animals in the high reaches of the Himalaya because of its presence in this area, which is mainly deprived of other woody species. The population density of R. arboreum was 344.70±0.009 individuals/ha and the IVI was 241.05. R. campanulatum was found in much higher regions with the density of 120.95±0.007 per ha and the IVI 58.94. With respect to the distance from the road the average price of fresh and dry R. arboreum flowers varied. The market value chain of the raw material is complex. It is important to implement sustainable value chains for the management and conservation along with sustainable utilisation of rhododendrons in the study area.

Keywords:
rhododendron indigenous uses marketing population density management himachal pradesh

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Malhotra, K.C. and Bhattacharya, P. Forest and Livelihood, CESS, Hyderabad, 2010, 246.
 
[2]  Souto, T. and Ticktin, T. “Understanding interrelationships among predictors of local ecological knowledge”, Economic Botany, 62 (2), 149-164, 2012.
 
[3]  Singh, K.K., Kumar, S., Rai, L.K. and Krishna, A.P.. “Rhododendrons conservation in the Sikkim Himalaya”, Current Science, 85(5), 602-606, 2003.
 
[4]  Sekar, K. and Srivastava, S.. “Rhododendrons in Indian Himalayan Region: Diversity and Conservation”, American Journal of Plant Sciences, 1(2), 131-137, 2010.
 
[5]  Ved, D.K. and Goraya, G.S.. “Demand and Supply of Medicinal Plants in India”, Bishen Singh and Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun and FRLHT, Bangalore, 2008.
 
[6]  Forest Statistics India. “Production of wood and non wood forest products”, Section-3, 2011, 38.
 
[7]  Census of India, Government of India. New Delhi. Retrieved 22 January, 2011.
 
[8]  Champion, S.H. and Seth, S.K., “A revised survey of the forest types of India”, 1968, 77-90.
 
[9]  Cornwall, A. and Pratt, G, “The use and abuse of participatory rural appraisal: reflections from practice”, Agriculture and human values, 28(2), 263-272, 2011.
 
[10]  Lynam, T., De Jong, W., Sheil, D., Kusumanto, T. and Evans, K., “A review of tools for incorporating community knowledge, preferences, and values into decision making in natural resources management”, Ecology and society, 12(1), 2007.
 
[11]  Phillips, O. and Gentry, A.H.. “The useful plants of Tambopata, Peru: I. Statistical hypotheses tests with a new quantitative technique”, Economic Botany, 47(1), 15-32, 1993.
 
[12]  Curtis, J.T.. “The vegetation of Wisconsin: an ordination of plant communities” University of Wisconsin Press, 1959.
 
[13]  Mishra, R.. “Ecology Workbook”, Oxford & IBH, Calcutta, 1968
 
[14]  Uniyal, A., Uniyal, S.K. and Rawat, G.S.. “Commercial Extraction of Picrorhiza kurrooa Royle ex Benth. in the Western Himalaya: Patterns of Collection, Processing, and Conservation Threats”, Mountain Research and Development, 31(3), 201-208, 2011.
 
[15]  Laloo, R.C., Kharlukhi, L., Jeeva, S. and Mishra, B.P.. “Status of medicinal plants in the disturbed and the undisturbed sacred forests of Meghalaya, northeast India: population structure and regeneration efficacy of some important species”, Current science, 90(2): 225-232, 2006.
 
[16]  Chauhan, N.S.. “Medicinal and aromatic plants of Himachal Pradesh”, Indus Publishing, 1999.
 
[17]  Pradhan, U.C. and Lachungpa, S.T., “Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons”, Primulaceae Books, 1990.
 
[18]  Dubey, S.K.. “Text book of Materia Medica”, Sree Bharati Press, Calcutta, 540-543, 1980.
 
[19]  Kop, P.V.D. and Alam, G.. Designing for Development: Principle and practices of a sustainable medicinal plants chain in North India, In: “Medicinal and Aromatic Plants” (eds R.J. Bogers, L.E. Craker and D. Lange). Springer, The Netherlands: 171-180, 2006.
 
[20]  Roekel, J.V., Kopicki, R., Broekmans, J.E.C. and Boselie, D.M. 2002. Building Agri Supply Chain: Issues and Gudelines. A Guide to Developing Agricultural Markets and Agro-enterprises (ed. Daniele Giovannucci). Agri Chain Competence Foundation. The Netherlands.
 
[21]  Lange, D. “Europe’s medicinal and aromatic plants: their use, trade and conservation”, TRAFFIC Europe International, Cambridge, UK. 1998.
 
[22]  Harnischfeger, G.. “Proposed guidelines for commercial collection of medicinal plant material”, Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants, 7, 43-50, 2000.
 
[23]  Eid, U. 2000. Medicinal plants in German development co-operation. In: Medicinal Utilisation of Wild Species: Challenges for Man and Nature in the New Millennium. TRAFFIC Europe and The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK, pp. 24-25.
 
[24]  Schippmann, U., Leaman, D.J. and Cunningham, A.B.. “Impact of Cultivation and Gathering of Medicinal Plants on Biodiversity: Global Trends and Issues”, Inter-Department Working Group on Biology Diversity for Food and Agriculture, FAO, Rome, 2002.
 
[25]  Laird, S.A., Pierce, A.R. and Schmitt, S.F.. “Sustainable raw materials in the botanical industry: constraints and opportunities”, Paper presented in the 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 3-7 February 2003.
 
[26]  Hamilton, A.C.. “Medicinal Plants Conservation and Livelihoods”, Biodiversity and Conservation, 13, 1477-1517, 2004.
 
[27]  Chowdhury, S. and Bandekar, R.. “Community conserved areas in India: a directory”, N. Pathak (Ed.), Pune, India, Kalpavriksh, 2009.