Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2016, 4(2), 37-43
DOI: 10.12691/aees-4-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Status of Biodiversity in Central Himalaya

Manju Sundriyal1 and Bhavtosh Sharma1,

1Uttarakhand Science Education and Research Centre (USERC), Dehradun

Pub. Date: April 25, 2016

Cite this paper:
Manju Sundriyal and Bhavtosh Sharma. Status of Biodiversity in Central Himalaya. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2016; 4(2):37-43. doi: 10.12691/aees-4-2-1

Abstract

The variety of plants, animals and microorganisms reflect the biodiversity of that area. Uttarakhand state falls under Central Himalaya which is rich in biodiversity as this area exhibits large number of plants and animals. There are about 7000 species of plants and 500 species of fauna in Uttarakhand state. Contribution of floral diversity is 31% of total floral density of India whereas fauna contributes just 1.58% of the total faunal density of the country. Besides, there are 119 endemic species of flowering plants in the state that exhibited 2.35% endemism and 35 faunal endemic species including 11 vertebrates and 24 invertebrates. Many plant and animal species are threatened, rare or becoming extint therefore some major initiatives have been taken such as 6 wild life sanctuaries, 5 national parks, one conservation reserve and one biosphere reserve has been established apart from this few herbal gardens, arboretums, parks, zoos, medicinal and aromatic plant area, sacred grooves have been made by the state government to save them for sustainable ecological balance. Unfortunately for the last few years biodiversity of the area is declining and now it’s important to strenthern existing policy of the state. In the present paper, an attempt has been made to assess the status of biodiversity of Central Himalaya.

Keywords:
biodiversity non timber forest produce medicinal and aromatic plants traditional farming systems flora fauna policy

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 2

References:

[1]  Negi V. S., Maikhuri R. K., Rawat L.S. Biodiversity Conservation, 20:545-559.IUCN (2004). 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org (2011).
 
[2]  Osmaston A.E., A Forest Flora of Kumaon, Allahabad, 1972.
 
[3]  Dobhal R., Kumar A. and Rawat S. “Conservation and management of bioresources in Uttarakhand, India”, In: Community-based Biodiversity Conservation in the Himalyas: (2011). 1-19.eds.Y.gokhale and A.k. negi. The energy and resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi.
 
[4]  “Uttarakhand: State of the Environment Report (SOER)-2012”, edited by R. Dobhal, Published by Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun for Uttarakhand State Council for Science & Technology (UCOST) Dehradun and Uttarakhand Science Education & Research Centre (USERC), Dept. of Science & Technology, Govt. of Uttarakhand, Dehradun, 2012.
 
[5]  Sharma B., “Sustainable Development through Research and Higher Education in India”, American Journal of Educational Research, 2 (3) 117-122 (2014).
 
[6]  Sundriyal M., Uniyal D. P., Nasreen Jeelani (2012). “Biodiversity. In: Uttarakhand State of the Environment Report”, pp. 2-50. 2012.
 
[7]  Duthie J.F., Flora of the upper Gangetic plain and of the adjacent Siwalik and sub Himalayan Tracts, Calcutta, 1903-1929, 3.
 
[8]  Rau M.A., High altitude flowering plants of W. Himalaya, Calcutta, 1975.
 
[9]  Biodiversity and Climate Change in the Himalayas, Sustainable Mountain Development No. 55, ICIMOD, Spring 2009.
 
[10]  Negi C.S., “Culture and Biodiversity Conservation: Case Studies from Uttarakhand”, Central Himalaya, Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 11(2) 273-278, 2012.
 
[11]  Rao, K. S. and Saxena, K. G. Minor forest products management: Problems and Prospects in high altitude villages of Central Himalaya. International Journal of Sustainable Development. World Ecology 3, 60-70. 1996.
 
[12]  Vedprakash. Indian medicinal plant: current status in Himalayan Medicinal Plants: potential and prospects (edited by S. S. Samant, U. Dhar, L.M.S. Palni), Gramoprakashan Nainital,pp. 45-63. 2001.
 
[13]  Kumari P., Tiwari L.M., Biodiversity in Uttarakhand Himalaya region. Nature and Science, 2009, 7(3), ISSN 1545-0740, http://www.sciencepub.net.
 
[14]  Sundriyal R.C. and Sundriyal M., “Medicianl and Aomatic Plants. In: Uttarakhand State of the Environment Report”, pg. no. 54-69. (2012).
 
[15]  R. C. Sundriyal, Negi, G. C. S., Maikhuri R. K., Rawat D.S., Rawal R.S., Dhyani P.P., 2014. “Family and Smallholder Farming in Himalayan Communities”. In Deep Roots, 105-108, 253. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and Tudor Rose.
 
[16]  Watershed Management Directorate. 2010. Uttarakhand state: Perspective and Stratetegic Plan 2009-2027. Dehradun. India: watershed Management Directorate. 2010.
 
[17]  Sati V. P. “Horticultural Development in Hills: A case for the Alaknanda Basin”, Mittal Publication. New Delhi. Pp. 123-126. 2004.
 
[18]  Tuteja U., Baseline Data on Horticultural Crops in Uttarakhand, Research Study No. 2013/02.
 
[19]  Arora, G.S. and Kumar, A. “Fauna of western Himalaya”, U.P. Pt. 1. Zoological Survey of India, Himalayan ecosystem series, 1995.
 
[20]  Tak P.C and Sati, J.P., Aves. “In: Fauna of Uttarakhand, State Fauna Series, (ZSI, Kolkata)”, 18(1), 505-532. 2010.
 
[21]  Negi A.S., “Status, Distribution and Management of Mountain Ungulates in Uttaranchal” (eds Sathyakumar, S. and Bhatnagar, Y.V.), ENVIS Bulletin Wildlife & Protected Areas, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, 2002.
 
[22]  Envis News Letter, Vol 9, Issue 2, Dec-2013.
 
[23]  Forest Survey of India. State of Forest Report. Forest Survey of India, Dehradun, 2010.
 
[24]  Mathur V.B., Rogers W.A., Panwar H.S., “Wildlife Protected Area Network in India” A Review Summary of Protected Area Proposals considered to be National Priority Status. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, 2002.