Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2015, 3(1), 5-10
DOI: 10.12691/aees-3-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Ground Water Quality Index of Howrah, the Heritage City of West Bengal, India

Dipu Sukumaran1, , Chitralekha Sengupta1, Rita Saha1 and Rakesh Chandra Saxena1

1Central Pollution Control Board, Southend Conclave, 502 Block, 1582 Rajdanga Main Road, Kolkata

Pub. Date: February 11, 2015

Cite this paper:
Dipu Sukumaran, Chitralekha Sengupta, Rita Saha and Rakesh Chandra Saxena. Ground Water Quality Index of Howrah, the Heritage City of West Bengal, India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2015; 3(1):5-10. doi: 10.12691/aees-3-1-2


The present study mainly focused on trend of the drinking water quality of one of the heritage city of India, Howrah. The ground water from ten stations was analysed for two consecutive years. Water Quality Index (WQI) based on physicochemical parameters put the drinking water into “nearing to poor” in 2012 and “excellent” in 2013. But the high concentration of total and fecal coliform makes the water unsafe for drinking in both years. Alkalinity, Chloride, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and Nitrate concentrations in some stations were found above the drinking water standards.

water quality index ground water faecal coliform total coliform

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