Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2014, 2(6), 135-140
DOI: 10.12691/aees-2-6-2
Open AccessReview Article

Evaluating the Effects of Global Environmental Changes on Ecosystems via Mycorrhizae, Soil Biota and Plant Traits

Mukete Beckline1 and Sun Yujun1,

1Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, 35 Qinghua East Road, Box 117 Beijing, China

Pub. Date: December 18, 2014

Cite this paper:
Mukete Beckline and Sun Yujun. Evaluating the Effects of Global Environmental Changes on Ecosystems via Mycorrhizae, Soil Biota and Plant Traits. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2014; 2(6):135-140. doi: 10.12691/aees-2-6-2

Abstract

Global environmental change (GEC) which is a change in average weather conditions due to biotic and abiotic processes and human activities, affects above and belowground organisms such as mycorrhizae, soil biota and plants. As with other major components of terrestrial ecosystems, the trait responses of these above and below ground organisms to GEC have received limited attention. Most of the research have been pot-based with a few field especially monoculture studies using mycorrhizal traits. A major question that arises from all these studies is, whether the GEC effects on mycorrhizal fungi, soil biota and plant traits can directly influence ecosystem functions. This paper looks at the effects of GEC on ecosystems via mycorrhizal fungi traits such as speed of root colonization, hyphal length; soil biota traits such as running speed, palatability and plant traits such as seed size, shoot phenology and how these may retroact to influence ecosystem functions such as nutrient and carbon cycling.

Keywords:
precipitation temperature mycorrhizae Collembola traits nutrient cycling and global environmental change

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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