Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2022, 10(4), 225-235
DOI: 10.12691/aees-10-4-7
Open AccessArticle

Water Treatment by Using Thermally Activated Carbon Prepared from the Shells of Arachis Hypogaea

A. R. Telgote1, and S. S. Patil1

1Department of Environmental Science, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad- 431001 (M. S.), India

Pub. Date: April 12, 2022

Cite this paper:
A. R. Telgote and S. S. Patil. Water Treatment by Using Thermally Activated Carbon Prepared from the Shells of Arachis Hypogaea. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2022; 10(4):225-235. doi: 10.12691/aees-10-4-7


Large quantity of polluted water is utilized worldwide without any pretreatment. The application of thermally prepared activated carbon minimize imports of commercial activated carbons thus, results in poverty elimination of developing countries. Arachis Hypogaea was obtained from agro-waste, dried at 110°C for 8 hours and Sieved under 2mm mesh for further use. The sieved material was slowly pyrolyzed for 60 minutes at 300°C in a muffle furnace. In a subsequent stage Arachis Hypogaea was thermally carbonized in a muffle furnace for 120 minutes at 500°C temperature to obtain Activated Carbon. Systematic experimentation was carried out in terms of dosage and timings were observed. Scientific analysis was carried out by using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) for the identification of micro and macro structures. Activated carbon prepared from biomass of Arachis Hypogaea was used to minimize substantial pollution load. There was dramatic reduction found in the crucial parameters like Temperature, pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and Turbidity at low dosage whereas significant variations are also observed with respect to various dosage. Activated Carbon prepared is a cost-effective, ecofriendly and environmentally sound adsorbent which may be used for the treatment of water.

Arachis Hypogaea Activated Carbon Water Purification peanut shell carbonization SEM EDS

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