Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2021, 9(11), 976-982
DOI: 10.12691/aees-9-11-9
Open AccessArticle

Seasonal Variation in Water Quality: A Study with Reference to River Kuwano, Basti, (U.P.), India

Gopal ji Kushwaha1, , Shivendra Mohan Pandey1 and Pradip Kumar2

1Department of Botany, Shivharsh Kisan. P.G. College, Basti, (U.P.), India

2Department of Geography, Shivharsh Kisan. P.G. College, Basti, (U.P.), India

Pub. Date: November 17, 2021

Cite this paper:
Gopal ji Kushwaha, Shivendra Mohan Pandey and Pradip Kumar. Seasonal Variation in Water Quality: A Study with Reference to River Kuwano, Basti, (U.P.), India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2021; 9(11):976-982. doi: 10.12691/aees-9-11-9


Kuwano river is one of the important rivers flowing through the Basti District, (U.P.), India. Recently, district witnessed rapid urbanization and industrialization, in catchment of river, leading to pressure on surface water quality. The present study aimed to find out the effect of seasonal changes on physico-chemical characteristics of river Kuwano water. The seventeen parameters i.e., pH, TDS, EC, DO, BOD, COD, Total Hardness, Ammonia, Nitrate, Nitrite, Phosphate total, Ca, Mg, Fe, E. Coli, Fecal Coliform and Total Coliform, were included in the study. The higher microbial presence in river water is a health concern. The study reveals that river water quality affected seasonally and is only suitable for bathing and irrigation purpose.

Kuwano River seasonal variation inorganic nitrogen microbial parameter water quality

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