Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2021, 9(5), 507-523
DOI: 10.12691/aees-9-5-1
Open AccessArticle

The Land Use Pattern of National Capital Region Delhi Using Geo-informatics

Rupesh Kumar Gupta1,

1Department of Geography, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar College, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

Pub. Date: May 07, 2021

Cite this paper:
Rupesh Kumar Gupta. The Land Use Pattern of National Capital Region Delhi Using Geo-informatics. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2021; 9(5):507-523. doi: 10.12691/aees-9-5-1

Abstract

This paper presents the identified four satellite towns around Delhi mega city, namely Gurgaon, Ghaziabad and Gautam Budh Nagar included Noida and Greater Noida, which are well populated and connected with urban core Delhi. Furthermore, the population growth and its impact on Land Use Changes of Delhi and its surrounding towns were considered for the study. The rates of growth of these cities were analyzed through census and multi temporal high-resolution satellite data. The decadal growth rate of Delhi and Gurgaon was more than 50 per cent during 1941-81, and 26.83 and 44.25 in 2011. Similarly in Ghaziabad it was more than 60 per cent during 1951-2011 whereas the Gautam Budh Nagar, shows the rapid growth, 237.10, 269.10, 80.80 and 116.70 during 1981-2011. The impact of this growth has shown in the form of land use changes. The built-up land increased by 8.10 km2 per annum in Delhi, 0.92 km2 in Gurgaon, 4.80 km2 in Ghaziabad and 13.03 km2 in Gautam Budh Nagar whereas, the agricultural land, decline by 7.35 km2, 0.86 km2, 5.45 km2 and 11.60 km2 per annum in this cities. The decadal rate of population growth and land use changes is higher in Gautam Budh Nagar, followed by Delhi, Ghaziabad and Gurgaon. The findings of this study would provide insight to the planners and policy makers for the management of urban land in the field of growth related problems of the city regions.

Keywords:
Population Growth Land Use Change built-up land Multi-Temporal Satellite Data GIS NCR

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