Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2021, 9(1), 47-52
DOI: 10.12691/aees-9-1-6
Open AccessArticle

Recycling of Plastic Wastes in Tiruvannamalai City: Thermal Cracking of Waste Plastic into Gasoline Products under Various Operating Conditions

Selvaganapathy T1, and Muthuvelayudham R2

1Tamilnadu Pollution Control Board, Tamilnadu, India

2Department of Chemical Engineering, Annamalai University, Tamilnadu, India

Pub. Date: November 24, 2020

Cite this paper:
Selvaganapathy T and Muthuvelayudham R. Recycling of Plastic Wastes in Tiruvannamalai City: Thermal Cracking of Waste Plastic into Gasoline Products under Various Operating Conditions. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2021; 9(1):47-52. doi: 10.12691/aees-9-1-6

Abstract

Due to the environmental threats of municipal plastic waste generation, plastic waste is obvious to recycle for a satisfying plastic-free environment. Lots of techniques are available for plastic waste recycling; however, the thermal cracking was found as a powerful technology to decrease plastic waste pollution simultaneously, producing petroleum-derived products. The objective of this investigation is to convert high-quality gasoline fuel from the plastic-based glucose bottles (GB) by the thermal cracking process at moderate reaction conditions. In this investigation, the waste plastic was thermally cracked in a batch reactor at a temperature range between 350-500°C, and the reaction time varied from 60-120 min, respectively. As a result, the most extreme yield percentage of liquid fuel 72.80% was obtained at an optimum temperature of 450°C and 90 min of reaction time. The derived liquid fuel contains mainly of aromatic functional groups (C=C stretch), and that is made out of gasoline-range hydrocarbons with a carbon number of C4-C28. Henceforth, the produced liquid fuel was termed as aromatic liquid hydrocarbon fuel (ALHF), and that would be recommended for use as commercial gasoline fuel.

Keywords:
glucose bottle thermal cracking GCMS FTIR ALHF gasoline-range

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