Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
Open Access
Journal Browser
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2021, 9(1), 47-52
DOI: 10.12691/aees-9-1-6
Open AccessArticle

Recycling of Plastic Wastes in Tiruvannamalai City: Thermal Cracking of Waste Plastic into Gasoline Products under Various Operating Conditions

Selvaganapathy T1, and Muthuvelayudham R2

1Tamilnadu Pollution Control Board, Tamilnadu, India

2Department of Chemical Engineering, Annamalai University, Tamilnadu, India

Pub. Date: November 24, 2020

Cite this paper:
Selvaganapathy T and Muthuvelayudham R. Recycling of Plastic Wastes in Tiruvannamalai City: Thermal Cracking of Waste Plastic into Gasoline Products under Various Operating Conditions. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2021; 9(1):47-52. doi: 10.12691/aees-9-1-6


Due to the environmental threats of municipal plastic waste generation, plastic waste is obvious to recycle for a satisfying plastic-free environment. Lots of techniques are available for plastic waste recycling; however, the thermal cracking was found as a powerful technology to decrease plastic waste pollution simultaneously, producing petroleum-derived products. The objective of this investigation is to convert high-quality gasoline fuel from the plastic-based glucose bottles (GB) by the thermal cracking process at moderate reaction conditions. In this investigation, the waste plastic was thermally cracked in a batch reactor at a temperature range between 350-500°C, and the reaction time varied from 60-120 min, respectively. As a result, the most extreme yield percentage of liquid fuel 72.80% was obtained at an optimum temperature of 450°C and 90 min of reaction time. The derived liquid fuel contains mainly of aromatic functional groups (C=C stretch), and that is made out of gasoline-range hydrocarbons with a carbon number of C4-C28. Henceforth, the produced liquid fuel was termed as aromatic liquid hydrocarbon fuel (ALHF), and that would be recommended for use as commercial gasoline fuel.

glucose bottle thermal cracking GCMS FTIR ALHF gasoline-range

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


Figure of 7


[1]  John Paul Vas, Ramya M, Ashlin Leroy Dsilva, Earl Serrao, Farish Demash, and Joshua Damien Dsa, “Production of high grade liquid fuel for CI engine by thermo-catalytic cracking of waste plastic”, Energy and power 7 (3), 81-87. 2017.
[2]  Ioannis Kalargaris, and Guohong Tian, Sai Gu, “Experimental characterization of a diesel engine running on polypropylene oils produced at different pyrolysis temperature”, Fuel., 211, 797-803. 2018.
[3]  Annual Report-Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, 2019. Available online on
[4]  M. A. Hazrat, M.G. Rasul, and M. M. K. Khan, “ A study on thermo-catalytic degradation for production of clean transport fuel and reducing plastic wastes”, Procedia Eng. 105, 865–876. 2015.
[5]  Lucia Quesada, Monica Calero de Hoces, Martín-Lara, MA, German Luzon and Blazquez, G. “Performance of Different Catalysts for the In Situ Cracking of the Oil-Waxes Obtained by the Pyrolysis of Polyethylene Film Waste”, Sustainability, 12 (5482), 1-15. 2020.
[6]  Selvaganapathy, T, and Muthuvelayudham, R., “Aromatic Liquid Hydro-Carbon Fuel (ALHF) production from the waste plastic using pyrolytic reactor under thermal degradation”, International Journal of Management, IT & Engineering. 9, 4 (2) 98-141. 2019.
[7]  M. Eswaramoorthi, T. Venkateshan, M. Balakumaran, and S. Gejendhiran, “Review of plastic waste management by pyrolysis process with Indian perspective”, International journal for research in applied science & Engineering technology 4 (1), 514-517. 2016.
[8]  Y. Xue, A. Kelkar, and X. Bai, “Catalytic co-pyrolysis of biomass and polyethylene in a tandem micropyrolyzer”, Fuel. 166, 227-236. 2015.
[9]  H. Jouhara, D. Ahmad, I. van den Boogaert, E. Katsou, S. Simons, and N. Spencer, “Pyrolysis of domestic based feedstock at temperatures up to 300 °C”. Therm. Sci. Eng. Prog. 5, 117-143. 2018.
[10]  N. Patni, P. Shah, S. Agarwal, and P. Singhal, “Alternate Strategies for Conversion of Waste Plastic to Fuels”, ISRN Renew. Energy. 1-7. 2013.
[11]  M. Magzoub, G. Elsharief, P. Factory, and M.M. Garieballa, “Simulation and Design for Process To Convert Plastic Waste To Liquid Fuel” I. Integer. J. Engg. Res.Tech. 1(6), 270-274. 2015.
[12]  S. D. A. Sharuddin, F. Abnisa and W.M.A. Wan Daud, “A review on pyrolysis of plastic wastes”, Energy conversion and Management, 115, 308-326. 2016.
[13]  Jan Nisar, Ghulam Ali, Afsal Shah, Munawar Iqbal, Rafaqat Ali Khan, Sirajuddin, Farooq Anwar, Raqeeb Ullah, and Mohamed Salim Akhter, “Fuel productions from Waste polystyrene via pyrolysis: Kinetics and products distribution”, Waste Management 88, 236-247. 2019.
[14]  Achyut K. Panda, and R. K. Singh, “Experimental Optimization of Process for the Thermo-catalytic Degradation of Waste Polypropylene to Liquid fuel” Advances in Energy Engineering (AEE), 1(3), 74-84. 2013.
[15]  Sachin Kumar and R.K. Singh, “Recovery of hydrocarbon liquid from waste high density polyethylene by Thermal pyrolysis” Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 28 (4), 659-667. 2011.