Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020, 8(6), 459-464
DOI: 10.12691/aees-8-6-18
Open AccessArticle

An Assessment of Artificial Neural Networks, Support Vector Machines and Decision Trees for Land Cover Classification Using Sentinel-2A Data

Rahel Hamad1, 2,

1GIS and Remote Sensing Department, Scientific Research Centre (SRC), Delzyan Campus, Soran University, Soran 44008, Erbil, Iraq

2Department of Petroleum Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Delzyan Campus, Soran University, Soran 44008, Erbil, Iraq

Pub. Date: September 29, 2020

Cite this paper:
Rahel Hamad. An Assessment of Artificial Neural Networks, Support Vector Machines and Decision Trees for Land Cover Classification Using Sentinel-2A Data. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 8(6):459-464. doi: 10.12691/aees-8-6-18

Abstract

Remotely sensed images serve as a valuable source of present and archival information since they provide the geographical distribution of natural and cultural features both spatially and temporally, as well as objects on the earth’s surface. Three machine learning classifiers, namely artificial neural networks (ANN), support vector machines (SVM), and decision tree (DT) algorithms, were applied in order to classify the Sentinel-2A data over the city of Soran. The differences in classification accuracies were evaluated by the confusion matrix. The supervised ANNs obtained the most accurate classification accuracy as compared with support SVM and DTs algorithms. Furthermore, the overall accuracy assessment of ANN was 90%, with SVM at 65%, while DTs were 60%. It can be concluded that ANNs can provide the best classification machine learning technique for land cover classification.

Keywords:
Soran remote sensing GIS overfitting hyperplane

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