Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020, 8(6), 422-427
DOI: 10.12691/aees-8-6-14
Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Exposure of EMF Radiations from Cell Phones on Percentage of Glucose, Cholesterol and Protein in Developing Chick Embryos

Mamata Chandrakar1,

1Department of Zoology, Shiksha Mandal’s Bajaj College of Science, Wardha, Maharashtra (India)-442001

Pub. Date: September 25, 2020

Cite this paper:
Mamata Chandrakar. The Effect of Exposure of EMF Radiations from Cell Phones on Percentage of Glucose, Cholesterol and Protein in Developing Chick Embryos. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 8(6):422-427. doi: 10.12691/aees-8-6-14


Electromagnetic field radiations have influenced the range of bodily functions. EMF had put a major public concern due to its widespread applications and capability of producing deleterious effects. The present study is aimed to evaluate the changes in percentage of glucose, cholesterol and protein in chick embryo tissues following exposure to EMF radiations emitted from a cell phone. Fertile hen eggs of RIR species (Rhode Island Red) were incubated in two groups in standard egg incubators (group A=16) (group B=16). Group A serves as control while Group B would be experimental and exposed to radiations emitted from a cell phone. On completion of 7th and 14th day of incubation, the embryos were sacrificed; tissues were dissected, centrifuged and samples thus obtained after centrifugation was taken and estimations of glucose, cholesterol and protein were performed. Glucose estimations had done by O-toluidine method. Cholesterol estimations were performed by Liebermann-Burchard method and protein conc. were estimated by Biuret method. Student’s t-test had been applied to check the statistical significance among Group A and Group B. Exposure of EMF from cell phone didn’t have considerable effect on cholesterol percentage on 7th day of incubation and on glucose percentage on 7th as well as 14th day of incubation in chick embryo tissues. In the present study, cholesterol percentage on 14th day of incubation (P = .001) and protein concentration on 7th and 14th day of incubation (P < .001) showed significant changes among group A and group B. Decrease in the percentage of cholesterol and protein showed that EMF radiations emitted from cell phone might affect metabolism directly or indirectly and thus it might be a factor that is responsible for increased mortality in chick embryos.

EMF cell phone exposure chick embryo incubation

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