Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020, 8(6), 402-407
DOI: 10.12691/aees-8-6-11
Open AccessArticle

Site Suitability Analysis of Water Harvesting Structure in Ghaggar River Basin Using Analytical Hierarchical Process and Geographical Information System Approach - A Case Study

Nitin Chauhan1, , Vipin Kumar1 and Rakesh Paliwal2

1School of Earth Sciences, Banasthali University, Newai, Rajasthan-304022, India

2Regional Remote Sensing Centre-West, ISRO Complex, Jodhpur, Rajasthan -342005, India

Pub. Date: September 18, 2020

Cite this paper:
Nitin Chauhan, Vipin Kumar and Rakesh Paliwal. Site Suitability Analysis of Water Harvesting Structure in Ghaggar River Basin Using Analytical Hierarchical Process and Geographical Information System Approach - A Case Study. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 8(6):402-407. doi: 10.12691/aees-8-6-11

Abstract

The increase in water demand due to increase in anthropogenic activities and changes in the hydrological phenomenon has led to water scarcity. The groundwater exploration, utilization, management and recharging by creation of appropriate water harvesting structure is an important aspect for its sustainable management. This current study was carried out for Ghaggar river basin to delineate groundwater potential zones using analytical hierarchical process based multi criteria decision analysis followed by identification of suitable sites and structures for water harvesting. The thematic layers for Landuse landcover, drainage density, soil texture, geomorphology, slope, lineament density and runoff were prepared and weights were assigned to each thematic layer. The weights were than normalized using the analytical hierarchical process based on their characteristic and relationship with groundwater recharge. Finally, the groundwater prospect zones were delineated by integrating the thematic maps using the weighted sum overlay analysis tool in ArcGIS 10.5. The areal distribution of the groundwater potential reveals that 0.02, 36.55, 43.18, 19.29 and 0.96 % falls under very poor, poor, moderate, good and very good groundwater potential category, respectively. The groundwater potential map was validated using the existing well data. The resultant groundwater potential zones falling in good to very good zones were integrated with slope and stream order as per the Integrated Mission for Sustainable Development (IMSD) guidelines and three types of water harvesting structures were suggested i.e. check dam (24), percolation tank (27) and farm ponds (50).

Keywords:
groundwater water harvesting AHP GIS

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  O. Rahmati, A. N. Samani, M. Mahdavi, H. R. Pourghasemi and H. Zeinivand, “Groundwater potential mapping at Kurdistan region of Iran using the analytic hierarchy process and GIS,” Arabian Journal of Geosciences, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 7059-7071, 2015.
 
[2]  IMSD, “Technical guidelines, integrated mission for sustainable,” National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Department of Space, Hyderabad, 1995.
 
[3]  C. B. Sachdev, T. Lal, K. C. Rana and J. Sehgal, “Soils of Haryana: Their Kinds, Distribution, Characterization and interpretations for optimising Land Use,” National Bureau of Soil Survey and Landuse Planning, Nagpur, 1995.
 
[4]  G. S. Sidhu, K. C. Rana, J. Sehgal and M. Velayutham, “Soils of Himachal Pradesh: Their Kinds, Distribution, Characterization and interpretations for Optimising Land Use,” National Bureau of Soil Survey and Landuse Planning, Nappur, 1997.
 
[5]  G. S. Sidhu, C. S. Walia, T. Lal, K. C. Rana and J. Sehgak, “Soils of Punjab: Their Kinds, Distribution, Characterizationa dn Interpretations for optimising Landuse,” National Bureau of Soil Survey and Landuse planning, Nagpur, 1995.
 
[6]  K. Sankar, “Evaluation of groundwater potential zones using remote sensing data in Upper Vaigai river basin, Tamil Nadu, India,” Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing, vol. 30, no. 30, pp. 119-129, 2002.
 
[7]  S. Das, A. Gupta and S. Ghosh, “Exploring groundwater potential zones using MIF technique in semi-arid region: a case study of Hingoli district, Maharashtra,” Spatial Information Research, vol. 25, p. 749-756, 2017.
 
[8]  M. Mehra, B. Oinam and C. K. Singh, “Integrated assessment of groundwater for agricultural use in Mewat district of Haryana,India using geographical information system (GIS).,” Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 747-758, 2016.
 
[9]  M. Rajeevan, D. S. Pai, L. Sridhar, O. P. Sreejith, N. S. Satbhai and B. Mukhopadyay, “Development of a new high spatial resolution (0.25° × 0.25°) Long Period (1901-2010) daily gridded rainfall data set over India and its comparison with existing data sets over the region,” Mausam, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 1-18, 2014.
 
[10]  R. W. Saaty, “The analytic hierarchy process—what it is and how it is used,” Mathematical Modelling, vol. 9, no. 3-5, pp. 161-176, 1987.
 
[11]  S. Hajkowicz and K. Collins, “A review of multiple criteria analysis for water resource planning and management,” Water Resource Management, vol. 21, no. 9, p. 1553, 2007.
 
[12]  S. Hajkowicz and A. Higgins, “A comparison of multiple criteria analysis techniques for water resource management,” European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 184, no. 1, pp. 255-265, 2008.
 
[13]  K. R. Murthy and A. G. Mamo, “Multi-criteria decision evaluation in groundwater zones identification in Moyale-Teltele subbasin, South Ethiopia,” International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 2729-2740, 2009.
 
[14]  T. G. Andualema and G. G. Demeke, “Groundwater potential assessment using GIS and remote sensing: A case study of Guna tana landscape, upper blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia,” Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, vol. 24, pp. 1-13, 2019.
 
[15]  V. A. Kumar, N. C. Mondal and S. Ahmed, “Identification of Groundwater Potential Zones Using RS, GIS and AHP Techniques: A Case Study in a Part of Deccan Volcanic Province (DVP), Maharashtra, India,” Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, vol. 48, p. 497-511, 2020.