Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020, 8(6), 367-372
DOI: 10.12691/aees-8-6-6
Open AccessArticle

Assessment of Forest Cover and Forest Loss in the Senapati District of Manipur, India

Tumtin Sonmang Koren1, and B.S. Mipun1

1Department of Geography, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong, India

Pub. Date: September 03, 2020

Cite this paper:
Tumtin Sonmang Koren and B.S. Mipun. Assessment of Forest Cover and Forest Loss in the Senapati District of Manipur, India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 8(6):367-372. doi: 10.12691/aees-8-6-6

Abstract

Forest degradation is a worldwide phenomenon affecting directly or indirectly to the existent of mankind. An area of 3,952 million hectares is reported to be the total global forest cover, occupying 30 percent of land area, but the annual gross deforestation (between 2000 and 2005) took place at a pace of 12.9 million hectares which is considered as a serious concern [1]. Population and economic development lead to trade-offs between different land-use causing the disappearance of habitat to the thousands of animals. The forests are being diverted to non-forestry land uses so the forests today are more threatened than in the past. The Senapati being a hill district located in the northern part of the Manipur is bestowed with rich natural resources particularly its forest. Nevertheless, the rapid shrinking of forest cover has been observed during the past two decades. From the ecological points of view, such changes have brought significant transformation in the set-up of the local forest ecosystem and community well being. This paper intended to analyse the trend of forest cover as well as forest depletion in the district during the last 10 years (between 2005 and 2015) as the need for protection and conservation of forest is identified in the district. Further, this study also tries to outline the major factors responsible for the quick forest cover loss or degradation in the district.

Keywords:
degradation deforestation habitat shrinking ecosystem depletion

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  FAO, Global Forest Resource Assessment (FRA), Main Report, FAO (WHO) Forestry Publication. 2006.
 
[2]  FAO, Global Forest Resource Assessment (FRA), Main Report, FAO (WHO) Forestry Publication, 2010, 479.
 
[3]  Singh, R.K, Contour Bunding and Management for Sustainable Hill Agriculture, Prakash, N., Rajesh Kumar, Brajendra and Rajiv Kumar (eds.) Integrated farming System for Hill Agriculture, Director, ICAR, NER, Umiam Publication, 2007, 50-54.
 
[4]  Goswami, D.C, Social Forestry in the Himalaya- need for a better future, Hazid Husain (ed.) Environmental Issues of North East India, Regency Publications, New Delhi: 2003, 189-191.
 
[5]  Nath, G, “Human Induced Treats to Biodiversity in NE India with Special Reference to Majuli”, International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences, (IJBSS), 1, (1). 15-24. 2012.
 
[6]  Reddy, R.V., Behera, B, and Rao, D.M, “Forest Degradation in India: Extent and Determinants”, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economic, 56, (4). 631-651. 2001.
 
[7]  Yadava, P.S., Sanjay, N and Th. Bhogen, Deforestation and Shifting Cultivation in Manipur, Singh, R.P. (ed.) Environment and Change, Rajesh Publication, New Delhi, 2002, 34-35.
 
[8]  FSI, India State of Forest Report. 2015.
 
[9]  Statistical Year Book of Manipur (SYBM), Directorate of Economics & Statistics Publication. 2015.
 
[10]  Koren, T.S, A Study of Forest Encroachment by Settlement in Senapati District of Manipur, India, Das, T.K and Mondal, K (eds.) Environment Degradation and Disaster: A Vision Plan for Sustainable Development, Arati Mitra for Avenel Press Publications, Kolkata, 2016, 230.
 
[11]  Cooper B. Caren, Dickinson Janis, Tina Phillips and Rick Bonney, “Citizen Science as a Tool for Conservation in Residential Ecosystems”, Ecology and Society, 12 (2). 2007. https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss2/art11/ Accessed dated 3 Aug. 2020.
 
[12]  Manipur State Remote Sensing Centre (MSRSC) Report, 2009.