Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020, 8(6), 340-350
DOI: 10.12691/aees-8-6-3
Open AccessArticle

Estimation of Surface Runoff in an Ungauged Basin Using SCS-CN Method, A Case Study of Manair River Basin in Telangana, India

Abdul Moid Mohammed1, , Vijaya Lakshmi Thatiparthi2, Kesava Rao Pyla1 and Abhilash Maryada2

1Centre for Geo-informatics application in Rural Development, National Institute of Rural Development, Hyderabad, India

2Centre for Environment, Institute of Science & Technology, JNTU Hyderabad, India

Pub. Date: August 27, 2020

Cite this paper:
Abdul Moid Mohammed, Vijaya Lakshmi Thatiparthi, Kesava Rao Pyla and Abhilash Maryada. Estimation of Surface Runoff in an Ungauged Basin Using SCS-CN Method, A Case Study of Manair River Basin in Telangana, India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 8(6):340-350. doi: 10.12691/aees-8-6-3

Abstract

The present research work was carried out for estimation of surface runoff in an ungauged basin by SCS-CN curve method. Satellite Images, digital elevation model data, hydrological Soil Data and precipitation data combined with Geo spatial technologies was used for land use/land cover classification, drainage extraction, basin delineation and for the surface runoff estimation of the study area. The study area Manair basin is located under 4 districts Karimnagar, Kamareddy, Medak and Rajanna-Siricilla districts of Telangana State, Southern India. Maniar River is one of the major tributary to the Godavari River. The Manair Basin is further divided into three sub basins in which three dams named Upper Maniar dam, Mid Manair dam and Lower Manair dam are there across the Manair river basin. In the present study the surface runoff estimation is computed for the entire Manair basin. The total drainage area of basin is 6668.212 sq. km and morphometric analysis shows sub-dendritric and dendritic pattern. The Maniar basin is in Elongated shape which indicates heavier flow for the long duration. The runoff estimation by SCS-CN curve method is determined by integrating land Use/land cover classification with antecedent moisture condition and hydrological soil groups. The study area receives the good rainfall but most of it is lost by surface runoff due to overland flow and Clay soil texture present in the study area. It was perceived from the results that overall increase in runoff is directly proportional to precipitation in the study area. The daily precipitation data from 11 weather stations which are present in the study area have been collected during the years 2010 - 2018 and were used to estimate the daily runoff from the basin. Daily and annual runoff has been calculated from the monthly rainfall data for the years of 2010 to 2018 in the basin.

Keywords:
Remote Sensing and GIS SCS-CN Rainfall-Runoff Land use/ Land cover Basin

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Amutha R, Porche lvan P (2009). Estimation of surface runoff in Malattar sub-watershed using SCSCNmethod. J Soc Remote Sens 37(2):291-304.
 
[2]  Moid, Mohammed Abdul, Maryada Abhilash, Tatiparthi Vijaya Lakshmi, and Pyla Keshava Rao.
 
[3]  "Remote Sensing and GIS based Morphometric Analysis for three Sub-Watersheds of Manair river Basin in Telangana, India." Journal of Spatial Hydrology 15, no. 2.
 
[4]  Mishra SK, Jain MK Singh VP Evaluation of the SCS-CN based model incorporating, antecedent moisture. Water Resour Manag 18: 567-589. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.
 
[5]  Rao, K. Nageswara. "Analysis of surface runoff potential in ungauged basin using basin parameters and SCS-CN method." Applied Water Science 10.1 (2020): 1-16.
 
[6]  Jasrotia AS, Singh R Modeling runoff and soil erosion in a catchment area using the GIS in the Himalayan region, India. Environ Geol 51:29-37.
 
[7]  Hand Book of Hydrology Soil and Water Conservation Department, Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi.
 
[8]  Kadam A et al (2012). Identifying potential rainwater harvesting sites of a semi-arid, Basaltic Region of Western India, using SCS- CN method. Water Resour Manag 26: 2537-2554.
 
[9]  USDA. (1972). Soil Conservation Service, National Engineering Handbook. Hydrology Section 4 Chapters 4-10.Washington, D.C: USDA.
 
[10]  Nageswara Rao K, Narendra K, Swarna Latha P. (2010). An integrated study of geospatial information technologies for surface runof estimation in an agricultural watershed, India. J Indian Soc Remote Sens 38: 255-267.
 
[11]  Gajbhiye, S., and S. K. Mishra. "Application of NRSC-SCS curve number model in runoff estimation using RS & GIS." IEEE-International conference on advances in engineering, science and management (ICAESM-2012). IEEE, 2012.
 
[12]  Ajmal, Muhammad, et al. "Investigation of SCS-CN and its inspired modified models for runoff estimation in South Korean watersheds." Journal of hydro-environment research 9.4 (2015): 592-603.
 
[13]  Kudoli AB, Oak RA. (2015). Runoff estimation by using GIS based technique and its comparison with different methods—a case study on Sangli Micro Watershed. Int J Emerg Res Manag Technol 4(5): 2278-9359.
 
[14]  Ly S, Charles C, Degré A. (2013). Different methods for spatial interpolation of rainfall data for operational hydrology and hydrological modeling at watershed scale. A review. Biotechnol Agron Soc Environ 17(2): 392-406.
 
[15]  Bansode A, Patil KA. (2014). Estimation of runoff by using SCS curve number method and arc GIS. Int J Sci Eng Res 5(7): 1283-1287.
 
[16]  Bhura CS et al. (2015). Estimation of surface runoff for Ahmedabad urban area using SCS-CN method and GIS, IJSTE. Int J Sci Technol Eng 1(11): 2349-2784.
 
[17]  Pawar NJ, Pawar JB, Kumar S, Supekar A. (2008). Geochemical eccentricity of ground water allied to weathering of basalt from the Deccan volcanic province, India: insinuation on CO2 consumption. Aqua Geochem 14: 41-71.
 
[18]  Ponce VM, Hawkins RH. (1996). Runoff Curve Number: Has It Reached Maturity? Journal of Hydrol Eng 1(1): 11-19.
 
[19]  Jun LI, Changming LIU, Zhonggen WANG, Kang L, (2015), Two universal runoff yield models: SCS versus LCM. J Geogr Sci 25(3):311-318.
 
[20]  Chow VT, Maidment DK, Mays LW (2002) Applied Hydrology, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, USA