Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020, 8(5), 239-243
DOI: 10.12691/aees-8-5-8
Open AccessArticle

Heavy Metal Sequestration in an Urban Wetland of Kerala, India

Dipu Sukumaran1, and Ajith K V2

1Centre for Water Resources Development and Management, Kozhikode, Kerala, India

2Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Kerala, India

Pub. Date: July 06, 2020

Cite this paper:
Dipu Sukumaran and Ajith K V. Heavy Metal Sequestration in an Urban Wetland of Kerala, India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 8(5):239-243. doi: 10.12691/aees-8-5-8

Abstract

This study provides a comprehensive understanding of water quality, sediment and core sediment characteristics in Paroppadi wetland, Kozhikode, Kerala. Water samples were collected and analyzed for physico-chemical and bacteriological parameters. The physico-chemical parameters were within the acceptable limit as per Indian standards for drinking water except microbial contamination. The sediments were contaminated with heavy metal like iron. Core samples were also contaminated with heavy metals particularly with iron. As suggestion to reduce wetland pollution, people must avoid disposal of household waste in the wetlands. Initiate proper monitoring programs to identify water pollution sources which discharged in to wetland waters directly or indirectly and provide awareness class to the native people on importance of wetland.

Keywords:
Paroppadi wetland heavy metals core samples sediments

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Ramachandran, R. Kumar., Gopi Sundar K.S., Bhalla R.S, “Hunting or habitat? Drivers of water bird abundance and community structure in agricultural wetlands of southern India”, Ambio, 46(5), 613-620, 2017.
 
[2]  Prasad, S. N., Ramachandra, T. V., Ahalya, N., Sengupta, T., Alok Kumar, Tiwari, A. K., Vijayan, V. S., and Lalitha Vijaya, “Conservation of wetlands of India -a review”, Tropical Ecology, 43 (1), 173-186, 2002.
 
[3]  Karbassi, A. R., Nabi Bidhendi, G. R.., Bayati, I., “Environmental geochemistry of heavy metals in a sediment core off Bushehr, Persian Gulf. Iran”. J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng. 2 (4), 255-260, 2005.
 
[4]  Sreedevi, C. and Peter, S., “Qualitative evaluation of Sasthamkotta Lake”. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 2(9), 4675-4683, 2013.
 
[5]  Avishek, Kirti, Shalu, Gautam, S., Moushami, H., Pathak, Gopal Nathawat, Mahendra, “Assessment and monitoring of urban wetlands: A case study”, International Journal of Ecology and Development, 22, 63-73, 2012.
 
[6]  Mohd Ekhwan, T., Mohd Khairul, A.K., Mushrifah, H.I., Nor, R.J., Muhammad, B.G., and Nor, A. A. A., “Sediment concentration and load analyses at Chini River, Pekan, Pahang Malaysia”. Research Journal of Earth Sciences, 1, 43-50, 2009.
 
[7]  Manju, P., Akhil, P.S., and Sujatha, C.H., “Toxic Metal Distribution in the core sediment of Cochin Estuarine System”, Environ.Res.8 (1)133-138, 2013.
 
[8]  Olubunmi, A. A. and Olorunsula, O. E., “Evaluation of the status of heavy metal pollution of sediment of Agbabu bitumen deposits area, Nigeria”, European Journal of Scientific Research, 41, 373-382, 2010.
 
[9]  Begam, A., Harikrishna, S., & Khan, I., “Analysis of heavy metals in water, sediments and fish samples of Madivala Lakes of Bangalore, Karnataka”, International Journal of ChemTech Research, 1(2), 245-249, 2009.
 
[10]  Gupta, Deepak, Sappal, Swathi, Kumar, Alok AL, Ramanathan Ranjan, Rajesh Kumar, “Heavy metal analysis in surface sediments and water samples of Kabar Tal Wetland, Begusarai, Bihar India”, 10.13140/RG.2.2.23281.74081, 2018.
 
[11]  Nicolau, R., Galera-Cunha, A., Lucas, Y. (2006). “Transfer of metals and labile metals from the continent to sea by a small Mediterrenean river”. Chemosphere, 63 (3), 469-476, 2006.
 
[12]  APHA, “Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water”, American Public Health Association, Washington, 2017.
 
[13]  BIS, “Indian Standard: Drinking water Specification - Second Revision. http://www.indiawaterportal.org, 2012.
 
[14]  Commonwealth of Australia, “Wetlands and water quality, Department of the Environment”, Australian Government. https://www.environment.gov.au/water/wetlands, 2016.
 
[15]  World Health Organization, “The world health report 2004-changing history”. http//: www.who.org., 2004.
 
[16]  Shankar, K., Aravindan, S., Rajendran, S., “Spatial distribution of Groundwater quality in Paravanar River SubBasin, Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu”, International Journal of Geomatics and Geoscience, Vol 1, 914-931, 2011.
 
[17]  Abdul Rahman Dirisu, A, Olomukaro, J., and Ezenwa, I. (2017). “Physico-chemical trends in the sediments of Agbede Wetlands, Nigeria”, Materials and Geoenvironment, 64(2)111-126, 2017.
 
[18]  Geethu. G., Suresh Babu, N. P., Vasudevan Nair T., “Sediment Characteristics of Polachira Wetland in Kollam District, Kerala”, International Journal of Science and Research, Vol 5, 2014.
 
[19]  Nasehi. F., Monavari M., Naderi. G.H., Vaezi M. A., Madani. F. (2013). “Investigation of heavy metals accumulation in the sediment and body of carp fish in Aras River”. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. 12(2), 398-410, 2013.
 
[20]  Alam, A. K. M. R., Hossain, A.B.M.E., Hoque, S., and Chowdhury, D.A. (2017). “Heavy Metals in Wetland Soil of Greater Dhaka District, Bangladesh”. Pollution, 4 (1), 129-141, 2017.
 
[21]  Chatterjee M., Serena Massolo., Santosh Kumar Sarkar., Asok Kumar Bhattacharya., Bhaskar Deb Bhattacharya., Kamala Kanta Satpathy and Soumik Saha, “Assessment of trace element contamination in intertidal sediment cores of Sunderban mangrove wetland, India for evaluating sediment quality guidelines”, Environ Monit Assess 150,307-322, 2008.