Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
Open Access
Journal Browser
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020, 8(5), 233-238
DOI: 10.12691/aees-8-5-7
Open AccessArticle

Screening of Trace Elements and Heavy Metals during the Pre and Post Monsoon Season in the Villages of District Champawat (India)

Garima Punetha1, , S.P.S Mehta1, Hemant Kumar Pandey2, Anchala Guglani2 and Kiran Patni1

1D.S.B Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, India

2Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DRDO), Pithoragarh, India

Pub. Date: July 02, 2020

Cite this paper:
Garima Punetha, S.P.S Mehta, Hemant Kumar Pandey, Anchala Guglani and Kiran Patni. Screening of Trace Elements and Heavy Metals during the Pre and Post Monsoon Season in the Villages of District Champawat (India). Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 8(5):233-238. doi: 10.12691/aees-8-5-7


Good water quality is a basic need for human health and water is naturally or artificially overlying with different trace and heavy metals. These metals have an important physiological role with the body, but the bio-toxic effects of many metals are of great health concern. Therefore, contamination of water by heavy metals could be a major concern for human health and as well as for the ecosystem. The present study deals with the elemental screening of drinking water and to compare the seasonal variation of trace and heavy metals in natural source water and their corresponding tap supply from habitat sites of Champawat district, Uttarakhand, (India). The detection of trace and heavy metals were assessed in ppm according to official method by using an Atomic absorption spectrometer. The study revealed that the concentration of trace metals such as iron, copper, manganese, zinc, and heavy metals like chromium, lead, and mercury was found within the permissible limits as prescribed by the WHO. Hence, it is concluded from the study that the amount of essential trace elements is within the permissible limit while the heavy metal was below the detectable limit. Therefore water from natural sources and their corresponding tap supplies are safe as far as trace and heavy metals are concerned.

natural source supply water seasonal variation trace and heavy metals

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Jameel, A. A., Sirajudeen, J. and Vahith, R. A., Studies on heavy metal pollution of ground water sources between Tamilnadu and Pondicherry, India, Advances in Applied Science Research, (2012), 424-429.
[2]  Ali, Z., and Rahman, M., Physico chemical characteristics of pulp and paper effluent, Res. Environ. Life. Sci., (2008) 1 (2), pp. 59-60.
[3]  Srikanth, P., Somasekhar, S. A., kanthi G.K., and Babu K. R., analysis of heavy metals by using atomic absorption spectro-scopy from the samples taken around Visakhapatnam, International Journal of Environment, Ecology, Family and Urban Studies (2013), 127-132.
[4]  Suganya, T., Senthilkumar, S., Deepa, K., Muralidharan, J., Sasikumar, P., and Muthusamy, N. Metal Toxicosis in Poultry - A Review, International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, (2016), 515-524.
[5]  Smith, A. H., Lingas, E. O. and Rahman M., Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000, 1092-1103.
[6]  Punitha, S., and Selvarajan, G., Analysis of Heavy Metals Concentration in Ground Water From Kilvelur Taluk, Nagapattinam District, Tamil Nadu, India Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Sciences, (2018), 538-547.
[7]  Momodu, M.A., and Anyakora, C.A., Heavy Metal Contamination of Ground Water: The Surulere Case Study, Research Journal Environmental and Earth Sciences, (2010) v.2, p. 39-43.
[8]  Agarwal, B.R., Mundhe, V., Hussain, S., Pradhan, V., and Yusuf S., Investigation of Heavy Metals In And Around Badnapur, dist. Jalna, International Journal Of Advances In Pharmacy, Biology And Chemistry, (2013), vol 2(1), pp. 120-122.
[9]  WHO guidelines for Drinking-water Quality (2011), fourth edition, ISBN 978 92 4 154815.
[10]  Wang, J.S., Huang, P.M., Liaw, W.K., and Hammer, U.T., Kinetics of the desorption of mercury from selected freshwater sediments as influenced by chloride, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, (1991) 56, 533-542.
[11]  Gupta, V.K., Dobhal, R., Nayak, A., Agarwal, S., Uniyal, D.P., Singh, P., Sharma, B., Tyagi, S., and Singh, R., Toxic Metal Ions In Water And Their Prevalence In Uttarakhand, India, Water science & Technology : Water supply (2012), 12.6.
[12]  Semwal, N., and Akolkar, P., Water quality assessment of sacred Himalayan rivers of Uttaranchal. Curr. Sci., (2006), 9(4), pp. 486-496.
[13]  Kumar, A. and Bahadur, Y., Physico-chemical studies on the pollution potential of river Kosi at Rampur (India). World J. Agric. Sci., (2009) 5 (1), pp.1-4.
[14]  Ground water Brochure of Champawat district, Uttaranchal region 2009, Government of India Ministry of water resources, Central Ground Water Board (1954).
[15]  Indian Standard drinking water - specification (Second Revision ) ICS 13.060.20, IS 10500: (2012), pp:1-2.
[16]  Sevcikova, M., Modra, H., Slaninova, A., and Svobodova, Z., Metals as a cause of oxidative stress in fish: a review, Veterinarni Medicina, (2011), 537-546.
[17]  Tadiboyina, R., and Ptsrk, P.R., Trace Analysis of Heavy Metals in Ground Waters of Vijayawada Industrial Area, International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 2016, 11: 3215-3229.
[18]  Bissen, M., and Frimmel, F.H., Arsenic - a Review. Part I: Occurrence, Toxicity, Speciation, Mobility, Clean Soil Air Water, :08 July 2003.
[19]  Lemly, A.D., Selenium assessment in aquatic ecosystems-a guide for hazard evaluation and water quality criteria: New York, Springer-Verlag, (2002). 3 p.
[20]  Kavitha, R., & Elangovan, K., Review article on Ground water quality characteristics at Erode district, India, International Journal Of Environmental Sciences, (2010), 1(2), p 145-150.
[21]  Duruibe, J. O., Ogwuegbu, M. O. C. and Egwurugwu, J. N., Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects, International Journal of Physical Sciences, (2007), Vol. 2 (5), pp. 112-118.
[22]  Sekar, K. G., & Suriyakala, K., Seasonal variation of heavy metal contamination of groundwater in and around Udaiyarpalyam taluk, Ariyalur district, Tamil Nadu, World Scientific News, (2016), v. 36, p. 47-60.
[23]  Lenntech R, Water Treatment and Air Purification (2004). Water Treatment, Published by Lenntech, Rotterdamseweg, Netherlands (