Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020, 8(3), 119-127
DOI: 10.12691/aees-8-3-7
Open AccessArticle

Assessment of Available Phosphates and Nitrates Levels in Water and Sediments of River Isiukhu, Kenya

Jane Oremo1, 2, , Francis Orata1, 2, Joseph Owino1, 2 and William Shivoga2, 3

1Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya

2Centre of Excellence in Water and Environmental Resource Management (CEWERM), Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya

3Biological Sciences Department, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya

Pub. Date: May 05, 2020

Cite this paper:
Jane Oremo, Francis Orata, Joseph Owino and William Shivoga. Assessment of Available Phosphates and Nitrates Levels in Water and Sediments of River Isiukhu, Kenya. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 8(3):119-127. doi: 10.12691/aees-8-3-7


Surface water contamination has become one of the main environmental issues of concern and a challenge to the world population, especially in the developing world, that face potable or usable water security. In this study concentrations of available nutrients (PO43- and NO3-) in sediments and water along River Isiukhu, within Lake Victoria catchment area in Kenya are presented. Sediments and water samples were collected from 11 sampling sites along River Isiukhu. Available phosphorus was determined by a Spectrophotometric method in which the ammonium phosphomolybdate complex, was reduced by ascorbic acid in the presence of antimony to give a distinct blue color complex. Available nitrate was measured spectrophotometrically at 420nm using UVI609PC UV/VIS Spectrophotometer. Physicochemical parameters such as temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, salinity, conductivity, were measured on-site using mobile Hydrolab Quanta. Phosphates concentrations ranged from 1.18 ± 0.09 to 3.28 ± 0.5 in water (mg/l) and 2.30 ± 0.03 to 4.51 ± 0.31 in sediment (mg/kg) and nitrates concentrations ranged from 0.15 ± 0.04 to 0.75 ± 0.03 in water (mg/l) and 0.75 ± 0.02 to 1.93 ± 0.05 in sediment (mg/kg). The coefficient of variation (CV) depicted that all the physical-chemical parameters measured varied widely except pH and temperature. Pearson's correlation matrix was used to show the relationship between nutrients concentrations in sediments and water and also for the physical-chemical parameters at significant differences accepted at P ≤ 0.05. There was variation in Pearson correlation coefficient analysis for all the parameters tested.

phosphates nitrates sediments correlations River Isiukhu

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