Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020, 8(1), 25-33
DOI: 10.12691/aees-8-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Phytoplankton from Ropar Wetland (Ramsar Site) Punjab, India

Saima Akhter1, and Onkar Singh Brraich2

1Research Scholar, Department of Zoology and Environmental Science, Punjabi University, Patiala-147002

2Department of Zoology and Environmental Science, Punjabi University, Patiala-147002

Pub. Date: February 20, 2020

Cite this paper:
Saima Akhter and Onkar Singh Brraich. Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Phytoplankton from Ropar Wetland (Ramsar Site) Punjab, India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 8(1):25-33. doi: 10.12691/aees-8-1-4

Abstract

Wetlands are considered as important ecosystems on this earth because they provide refuge and food to variety of aquatic biodiversity. Spatial heterogeneity of the phytoplankton community and seasonal diversity has been observed. Sampling of phytoplankton was carried out from the Ropar wetland, of Punjab, India between October 2015 to September 2017 at four representative sites (S1, S2, S3 and S4). Correlation of physico-chemical variables with phytoplankton density was recorded by using Pearson Correlation analysis and seasonal variation as well as a high influence of these physico-chemical parameters was observed on phytoplankton productivity. It has been observed that when temperature and amount of nutrients were higher, the density of phytoplankton was higher. The phytoplankton diversity showed higher sensitivity in the water, the dissolved oxygen and free CO2 showed significant negative correlation with all the physio-chemical parameters at all the sites. A total of 28 phytoplankton genera belonging to Bacillariophyceae (14 genera) Chlorophyceae (9 genera), Cyanophyceae (4 genera) and Dinophyceae (1 genus) were recorded from four sampling sites. Bacillariophyceae dominated both in diversity and percentage composition while Dinophyceae had shown least expression. Phytoplankton population showed high diversity in the summer and low in monsoon period. Various diversity indices (Shannon-Wiener diversity index, Simpson’s diversity index and Pielou evenness index) were used to found the seasonal variation of phytoplankton. The Shannon- Wiener diversity index was most useful in indicating the trophic status of the water as well as the pollution status, which in this case, depicted a moderate level of pollution in this wetland.

Keywords:
wetland correlation coefficient diversity indices phytoplankton seasonal variation

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