Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020, 8(1), 1-11
DOI: 10.12691/aees-8-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Photocatalysis of Bispyribac Sodium in Water under Direct Sun Light Using ZnO Nano Particles: Kinetics and Toxicity of Breakdown products

Naveetha Gaggara1, and Atmakuru Ramesh1

1Department of Analytical Chemistry, International Institute of Biotechnology and Toxicology (IIBAT), Padappai, Chennai 601 301, Affiliated to the University of Madras, Tamil Nadu, India

Pub. Date: December 18, 2019

Cite this paper:
Naveetha Gaggara and Atmakuru Ramesh. Photocatalysis of Bispyribac Sodium in Water under Direct Sun Light Using ZnO Nano Particles: Kinetics and Toxicity of Breakdown products. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 8(1):1-11. doi: 10.12691/aees-8-1-1


The present research describes the photo catalytic degradation of Bispyribac sodium, a pyrimidinyloxybenzoic herbicide, widely used in the protection of the paddy field. The degradation was investigated in an aqueous suspension using ZnO/Na2S2O8 as the photo sensitizer / oxidant. Photocatalysis of bispyribac sodium was studied in three different aqueous buffer solutions (pH 4, 7 and 9) under direct sunlight. Liquid Chromatography Electro spray Tandem Mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was used to identify the major photo transformation products in water. In this present study we also investigated the effect of bispyribac sodium and its breakdown products on the growth of green alga (Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata). The results showed that the addition of a photosensitizer was strongly enhancing the elimination of pesticides when compared to photolysis tests. This process also enhances the reaction rate very rapidly. The addition of the oxidant (Na2S2O8) with the ZnO increases the rate of reaction has the added advantage over the ZnO alone. The degradation of the bispyribac Sodium follows first order kinetics. Green alga growth rates (Er) and yield percentage (Ey) were determined statistically. Initially, the growth rate inhibition was very high after that the inhibition was decreased while increasing the irradiation Time.

zinc oxide nanoparticles oxidant photosensitizer herbicide Green alga

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