Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
Open Access
Journal Browser
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2019, 7(6), 224-230
DOI: 10.12691/aees-7-6-3
Open AccessArticle

Reclamation of Fluorspar Mining Waste Land Using Trichoderma

Arun Arya1, and Ankita Bhatt1

1Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda Vadodara-390002, India

Pub. Date: November 27, 2019

Cite this paper:
Arun Arya and Ankita Bhatt. Reclamation of Fluorspar Mining Waste Land Using Trichoderma. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2019; 7(6):224-230. doi: 10.12691/aees-7-6-3


Largest deposits of Fluorspar ore are available in the Ambadungar area of Kadipani in Vadodara district. Reclamation of Waste Mining land is a major problem. Plantation is the oldest technology available for the restoration of lands degraded by human activity. A study was conducted to find out the plant growth in nearby area and the size of leaves was compared with normal plants. The study included growing of maize and cowpea in soil containing different percentage of mining soil wastes. Biomass of seedlings and chlorophyll contents of raised plants will provide a clue whether plantation in mining land is possible or not. Physico-chemical properties and microbiological characteristics of soil were analyzed.

fluorspar Zea mays L Vigna radiata L mining reclamation heavy metals and Chlorophyll Trichoderma

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Wadia D.N. Minerals of India National book trust India. 1996.
[2]  Merh, S.S. – Geology of Gujarat, Geological Soc of India, Bangalore. 1995.
[3]  Tewari L Chandra B. and Saini J. Biological control of fungal phytopathogens by Trichoderma sp.: Mechanisms of action In: microbes: Diversity and Biotechnology eds S.C. Sati and M. Belwal, Daya Pub. House 2012, 99-117.
[4]  Samuels G.J. I. Smail A. Mulaw T.B. Szakecs G. Druzhinina I.S. Kubieck C.P. and Jaklitsch W.M. The longibrachiatum clude of Trichoderma: a revision with new species. Fungal Diversity 2012. 55(1): 77-108.
[5]  Rifai M.A. A revision of genus Trichoderma. Mycological Papers 1969, 116: 1-56
[6]  Maiti, S. K. and Banerjee S. P. The impact of mining on the environment problems and solution. Proc. Int. Symp., Oxford and IBH, New Delhi,1994, pp. 369-379.
[7]  Arnon, D. I. . Copper enzyme in isolated chloroplasts: polyphenol oxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant physiol., 1949, 24: 1-15.
[8]  Keller T, Schwager H Air pollution and ascorbic acid. Eur J For Pathol 1977, 7:338-350.
[9]  Harman G.E. HowellcR, Viterobo A. Cget I. and Lorito M. Trichoderma sp. opportunistic avirulant plant symbionts. Nature reviews microbiology 2004, 2(1); 43-56.
[10]  Gamalero, E. G. Berta, B.R. Glick. The use of microorganisms to facilitate the growth of plants in saline soils, 2009.
[11]  Jamdar, Z., Mohammadi, A. and Mohammadi, S. Study of antagonistic effects of Trichoderma species on growth of Verticillium dahliae, the causal agent of Verticillium wilt of Pistachio under laboratory condition. Journal of Nuts, 2013, 4, 53-56.
[12]  Khan, M.S. A. Zaidi, J. Musarrat (Eds.), Microbial Strategies for Crop Improvement, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2009.