Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
Open Access
Journal Browser
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2019, 7(3), 96-100
DOI: 10.12691/aees-7-3-3
Open AccessArticle

Water Pollution and Its Adverse Effect on Biodiversity in Ship Breaking Area of Bhatiary, Chattogram

Nazmir - Nur Showva1, and Adib Bin Rashid2

1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology, Mirpur, Dhaka

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology, Mirpur, Dhaka

Pub. Date: August 12, 2019

Cite this paper:
Nazmir - Nur Showva and Adib Bin Rashid. Water Pollution and Its Adverse Effect on Biodiversity in Ship Breaking Area of Bhatiary, Chattogram. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2019; 7(3):96-100. doi: 10.12691/aees-7-3-3


Shipbreaking has obtained great importance in the micro and macro economy of poverty-stricken Bangladesh for being a profitable industry in spite of having a number of environmental and human health hazards. This study focuses on the Ship Breaking and Recycling Industry of Bangladesh to evaluate the pollution in water and measure the adverse effect on biodiversity. Here the water quality parameters like pH, Salinity, Alkalinity, Hardness, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Turbidity, Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Pb, Cr, Cd, Fe concentrations of the sea water of shipbreaking yards of Bhatiary, pond water and tube well water has analyzed. Turbidity during tide-1 was observed 2624 NTU where the standard value is 5 NTU. Similarly, BOD was measured about 11.30 mg/l which was above the permissible limit in the seawater during tide-2. Value of Pb was about 0.07018 mg/l in seawater during tide-1 which is above the permitted limit. The elevated level of different physicochemical parameters and heavy metal is a serious threat for pollution not only for the biodiversity but also for the environment. Evaluation of water pollution in water bodies by the establishment of ship breaking industry was assessed by comparing these data with WHO and BSTI standard and evaluation of the adverse effect on biodiversity was established by observing the range of the parameters measured from the water bodies.

water pollution biodiversity heavy metal shipbreaking industry Bhatiary

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  World Bank (2010). The ship breaking and recycling industry in Bangladesh and Pakistan. Report No. 58275-SAS.
[2]  OSHA. (2001). Ship breaking fact sheet. U.S. Department of labor: Occupational safety and health administration. Retrieved from http://Available at. www.
[3]  Hossain, M. M., & Islam, M. M. (2006). Ship breaking activities and it’s impact on the coastal zone of Chittagong, Bangladesh: Towards sustainable management, Young Power in Social Action (YPSA). Chittagong, Bangladesh.
[4]  BSTI, Bangladesh Standards and Testing Institute, BDS 1240: 2001.
[5]  WHO, Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, 1984, p. 51.
[6]  DoE. (1997, June). Final report to develop and apply sector-wise guidelines and standards and to monitor compliance (IDA credit 2340- BD) (pp.13-14). Resource Control Company Bangladesh, AIC Watson Consultants Ltd. India, Planning and Development Services Ltd. Bangladesh.
[7]  World Health Organization. Guidelines for drinking-water quality - 4th ed. 1.Potable water - standards. 2. Water - standards. 3. Water quality – standards. 4. Guidelines, 2011. ISBN 9789241548151 (NLM classification: WA 675).
[8]  M.J. Ahmed, M. N. Islam, 2016."The Most Dangerous Job on the Planet" - Ship-breaking in Bangladesh. 1st edition, ISBN 978-3-659-91868-1, LAP Lambert Academic Publisher, US,p132.
[9]  Patra R.C, Rautray A.K, Swarup D. “Oxidative stress in lead and cadmium toxicity and it’s amelioration”. J. Vet. Intern. Med. 2011; 2011: 457327.