Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2019, 7(3), 85-90
DOI: 10.12691/aees-7-3-1
Open AccessArticle

Rice Farmers’ Perceptions and Adaptations to Precipitation and Temperature Variability in Trieu Phong District, Vietnam

Hung Gia Hoang1,

1Hue University of Agriculture and Forestry, Hue University, Hue City, Vietnam

Pub. Date: June 10, 2019

Cite this paper:
Hung Gia Hoang. Rice Farmers’ Perceptions and Adaptations to Precipitation and Temperature Variability in Trieu Phong District, Vietnam. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2019; 7(3):85-90. doi: 10.12691/aees-7-3-1

Abstract

Precipitation and temperature variability (PTV) can generate considerable risks for agricultural production internationally. Agricultural production in Central Vietnam heavily depends on rice production, which is directly impacted by PTV. In order to facilitate the adoption of PTV adaptation practices by rice farmers, it is important to understand their perspectives of PTV. However, few empirical studies have considered how farmers perceive PTV in Central Vietnam. The main objective of this research is to investigate rice farmers’ attitudes towards PTV and their adaptation practices in rice fields in a typical agricultural district in Central Vietnam. A random sampling strategy was used to select 182 rice farmers for interviews and a structured questionnaire was developed to collect data. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were used. The research results show that most farmers had experienced PTV. They perceived that PTV increased labour costs in rice fields, farming losses, the costs of pest/weed control and the costs of water management. This research concluded that farmers were adopting local adaptation practices to lessen negative impacts of PTV on their rice production. Adaptation practices identified include: 1) dredging and restoration of irrigation canals; 2) planting drought resistant varieties of rice; 3) planting rice earlier; and 4) using wells and water pumps for irrigation. The research results indicate that farmers’ age, education, gender, agricultural practices and training participation influence their perceptions of PTV.

Keywords:
rice farmers perceptions precipitation and temperature variability Trieu Phong district Vietnam

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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